Vastu For Stairs | An Architect Explains

A Staircase is a series of steps connecting different levels in a Building. Stairs allow you to move from one level of the home to another level – easily and comfortably. Hence in a House with more than one level, the Staircase will be used everyday, a number of times. Hence the Staircase should be comfortably designed for the users. The Staircase is usually accessed from the Dining Room.

A staircase is a series of steps connecting different levels of a house

Here, I have explained the Vastu Guidelines for a Staircase. Since Vastu is a science, there is logic and reasoning behind every guideline. As an Architect, I have attempted toexplain these guidelines rationally and scientifically, so that you can decide what you want to follow and what you don’t.



ACCORDING TO VASTU, WHAT IS THE BEST LOCATION FOR A STAIRCASE?
The staircase should be in the South-West, South or West. However, it is not advisable to build a Staircase on the North-East side. The Reason – The North-East is to be left open according to Vastu, in order to allow the morning sun rays to enter the house. Hence if a staircase is kept in this corner, it will block the sunlight. But if there is no other choice, the staircase can be placed here as the internal circulation is also important.

Avoid internal staircase in the corners or the centre of the house: The Reason – If an internal staircase is in the corner, the room from which it is accessed cannot be used properly. Similarly, if the staircase is in the center, a lot of useful circulation space is wasted.

Avoid an internal staircase in the centre of the house
ACCORDING TO VASTU, WHAT IS THE IDEAL DIRECTION OF THE STAIRCASE FLIGHT?

The first flight should be from East to West or North to South. The Reason – This will ensure that the lower steps will be in the East or North, while the higher steps will be in the West or South. Thus the useful, morning light from the East and the constant light from the North will not be blocked by the Steps.

Turn clockwise when turning into the next flight: The Reason – Since most people are right handed, they tend to hold the handrail on the right hand side. So when they turn onto the next flight, it makes sense to continue holding the right handrail, for which the next flight should be on the right side which means one has to turn clockwise.

Avoid a spiral staircase in a house
WHAT ARE THE SPECIFICATIONS FOR STAIRCASES IN VASTU SHASTRA?

There should be odd number of risers in a staircase: For example 15, 17, 19 are acceptable. The Reason – Since most people are right handed, they generally put their right foot first, while climbing a staircase. So when they end the climb, they prefer to end on the right foot. This is possible only when there are odd numberof steps. It is for this reason that the right foot is equated with gain, the left with loss.

Avoid circular or spiral staircase: The Reason – A circular staircase takes up and wastes a lot of space, especially in the corners and in the rooms adjacent to it. A spiral staircase is very uncomfortable to climb and not very safe. Also the space below it is not very usable and there is the risk of bumping into it as there is no proper head room.

Avoid rooms under a staircase: The Reason – Often, people  use the space below a staircase for small rooms like Toilets, Safe, Puja etc. But every time people climb the steps, a person using the room below gets an uneasy feeling of somebody stamping on their head. He doesn’t feel safe either, as if the whole thing will collapse on him.

WHAT ARE THE IDEAL COLOURS FOR A STAIRCASE ROOM?

The ideal colours of the staircase area are light colors. The Reason-  One can see the steps clearly, if the whole area is painted a light color as this reflects light.

This post was about the Vastu guidelines for the design of Staircase. The Staircase leads to the next floors namely the Basement and Upper floors and the Terrace where the Overhead Water tanks are located. Read the Vastu guidelines for the design of these spaces here:

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128 thoughts on “Vastu For Stairs | An Architect Explains

  • December 31, 2016 at 6:19 am
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    Hi
    We are constructing a house duplex model its a east facing house one stair case is south to go to first floor.
    In first floor SE we have staircase for terrace which is outside, now in elevation we wanted to build a roof (Pyramid / Slopping hut like model) on top of that open SE staircase, but it will be three feet height above the SW side of house is it okay as people say SW should always be elevated then any part of the house.
    Regards
    Sreedhar
    Hi,
    If you believe in this (SW should be higher than other parts of the house), then avoid having the pyramidal roof.
    Admin

  • January 1, 2017 at 9:18 pm
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    Hi Sir,
    I am planing to buy flat which is east facing door,however in front of main door staircase is there and next is lift is there south side. Is it good for us?
    Hi,
    In most apartments there will be such a situation as you have described. It cannot be helped. bUt you can keep your maind door closed except when in use.
    Admin

  • January 30, 2017 at 6:01 pm
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    my stairs under construction will be more comfortable if it goes up in an anticlockwise direction … is it vasthu compactible
    Hi,
    It is okay as the comfort in use is most important.
    Admin

  • February 12, 2017 at 8:42 am
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    This blog is very much useful to those who are now newly constructing the houses.
    Hi,
    Thank you for your appreciative comment. Glad it was useful to you
    Admin

  • February 12, 2017 at 8:45 am
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    Dear Madam.
    I have one query. While calculating risers in stair case do we consider landing also as one step.
    Hi Veeresh,
    Yes the landing is also counted since it is also a step, just that it is bigger.
    Admin

  • February 20, 2017 at 1:34 am
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    Is it OK to build the bathroom under staircase
    Hi,
    You can do that if you are short of space. But you must realise that there will be corners that are stunted in height and make the space feel cramped
    Admin

  • February 20, 2017 at 3:51 am
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    Sir My site is 30*40 north side , ground floor front 18*30 car parking and remaining is 2 BHK house.for first floor we have taken the staircase from North & east side but it starts 6 feet from North&east corner.In first floor North east corner is balocony to enter the 1 st floor house.
    can u pls check the staircase is on Northeast side but we have avoided 6 feet .is it k or not..it will be serious problem or any correction is there.
    Hi,
    It is okay because it is away from the NE corner.
    Admin

  • April 25, 2017 at 6:56 am
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    Sir my house is West facing. The stairway firstly rise to South than it goes to West and finally goes towards North. Is it right or wrong please suggest me.
    Hi,
    It is okay as easy access to the first floor is of primary importance.
    Admin

  • April 25, 2017 at 6:08 pm
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    Sir,I’m constructing a 3 storied building,with steps 21 in ground floor,20 in 1st floor and 20 in 2nd floor considering odd number rules for the entire building.Now,I’m told that each floor should have odd number steps.Since ground floor and 1st floor have already been constructed,what are the options left for me to rectify it?Please guide me
    Hi,
    There is nothing to be done. Just to have odd number of steps, you will have to alter the height of the risers in the next flights. This can affect the smooth movement along the staircase and people can even stumble.
    Admin

  • May 8, 2017 at 12:57 pm
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    Hi,
    I am planning to construct my house. The stairs have a total 17 steps however can you advise how many steps should be on the first landing? Is it advisable to have a window on the wall of the landing?
    Kindly please advise.
    Thank you
    Hi,
    You can have a window at the landing.
    Admin

  • May 13, 2017 at 2:25 am
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    Sir I am going to build a new house in a plot of 36×60 having gali in north and east my stairs will be east to south to north then east is it ok?

    Hi,
    The mst important factor in orientation of a staircase is the planning of your home.There should be short and quick access to the first floor. So avoid long stairs.
    Admin

  • May 31, 2017 at 2:02 am
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    Sir
    M planning for a simplex house facing south,so main entrance in South side,according to vastu, Southeast corner is best for kitchen & Southwest is best for master bedroom,so there is another bedroom aside to master bedroom as I read. bt again according to vastu Southwest is best for staircase,so how can I plan the staircase..
    Hi,
    forget the ideal vastu positions. Place the staircase in such a place that when you reach the upper floors, it is somewhere towards the centre half of the house.
    Admin

  • June 2, 2017 at 8:15 am
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    Dear Sir
    I have a residential house in ground floor. Now I want to construct one official space just upper to residence. Kindly advise regarding staircase for upper floor which will be construct out side of the house. One main road is lying in west side
    Hi,
    Since you want to use the upper floor for an office, it is best to have the staircase close to the main road in the west, preferably on the SW corner.
    Admin

  • June 18, 2017 at 3:51 pm
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    Hello Sir/madam,I am planning to buy a house.I have selected a Double storied house with East face Main Gate entrance and North face main door.The staircase to first floor is at North West corner(not touching North or West Compound wall)starting from East face but problem is…steps falling inside the main Gate.I mean steps are exactly opposite to Main Gate.Is their any problem with Staircase placement. Kindly advice.
    Hi,
    No there is no problem
    Admin

  • July 7, 2017 at 8:26 am
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    Sir,
    I want to build 1st floor with Stair in the South side and it is clock wise. Since I have not enough space, the stair flights are from North to South,South to West and then from West to North( Three fold). Windows will be on the landings. In the ground floor, the stair is in the NE corner which will be demolished and will be shifted to South portion. From your Article, I understand that first flight should either towards East or North. But due to lack of space ,I cannot arrange that. Do you think that it will be a major issue as per Vastu Shastra? Please advise.
    Hi,
    No there will be no problem. It is good that you are demolishing the stair in the NE corner.
    Admin

  • July 15, 2017 at 4:33 am
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    Hello Sir,
    I’m building a house in Sydney which is North Facing and all the floor plans have staircase in NE direction or in the entry facing the front door.
    As per vastu these are not the best positions but here in Sydney builders don’t move the staircase.
    Regards,
    MJ
    Hi,
    Please forget about vastu in Sydney since the orientation wind directions, etc are al, different from that in India.
    Admin

  • July 20, 2017 at 11:35 pm
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    Respected Madam,
    My house is south facing and main gate in south east and stairs in SW , first flight of stair is from south to north and then north to south.
    my first floor entry door which is open in living room in SW.
    however boundary wall main gate of building is in SE after 2 feet of SE corner.
    is all above is OK for problematic.
    Hi,
    Everything you have described is perfect. No problems!
    Admin

  • July 25, 2017 at 7:42 am
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    Thanks for scientific explanation cery well written post
    Can the bathroom entry door below the staircase ? Please not me the bathroom itself is not below staircase its next to it but only the entry door of bathroom can it be below stairs ?
    Hi,
    Thank you. Yes you can have the door below the stairs, but only make sure there is enough headroom.
    Admin

  • July 27, 2017 at 9:16 pm
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    sir , we have an east facing house , plan is rectangular. We want to extended the entire south side which would result in a having a car porch and larger living room on the SE and South side respectively . The SW side will have a new office room with staircase which is extended from the master bedroom..
    As the new SW corner will be no longer master bedroom but an office room with stairs, is it ok as per vastu? Please let me know? Thank you.
    Hi,
    Since the master bedroom is still in the Sw quadrant it is ok. An office in the SW is good as per Vastu.
    Admin

  • September 11, 2017 at 1:56 am
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    Hi Sir,
    we are planning to start duplex house construction in site having 780 sqft which facing to South and main door on east side. we need clarification on internal stair case.as per my architect stairs starting from east to west(one step) and then take right follwed by 10 steps(towards north) and then right follwed by 9 steps(towards south).
    could you please confirm whether last step should be towards to east/west or any facing is fine.
    Hi,
    Any direction for the last step is fine.
    Admin

  • September 11, 2017 at 10:45 am
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    i am constructing a house with stair case in the southwest corner (north to south – landing – turn Right -south to north). The question is how many steps to have..
    For the first ramp i.e. from north to south.. I am planning 11 steps where the when placing the 11 footstep i land on the landing.. then turn right.. take the following options (a) take 10 steps and land on the first floor slab at the 10 step or (b) take 11 steps and land on the first floor slab on the 11 step.. pls let me know which option is correct
    Hi,
    Both options are okay.
    Admin

  • September 13, 2017 at 8:38 am
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    Dear sir
    I’m attached a link of my house map
    https://www.opendrive.com/file/ODVfMjk5ODMyM19pWlJNVQ
    Engineers draw stair in Northeast which is further from 5.6 from North east corner,according to plot is good but as per vaastu is bad. kindly suggest me,I can build stair in east side.as per map 3rd portion of hall-East side, if map link work.
    Thank u
    Hi,
    I cannot access your link. Since the stairs proposed by the engineer is away from the NE corner, you can go with it.
    Admin

  • September 20, 2017 at 1:50 am
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    Hello,
    We are planning to start renovation shortly. Ours is a East facing site and our Staircase is on the North East side, with about 5ft space from the Eastern compound Wall. The Staircase is fully open and not enclosed. Just wanted your opinion to know if this is acceptable, as per vastu.
    Thanks in advance.
    Hi,
    It is okay since it is away from the NE corner and is open.
    Admin

  • September 29, 2017 at 1:05 am
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    My West facing house has main gate in south west of west. Stairs are in the east. A toilet is in the north. Other is under the stairs what remedies can be done.
    Hi,
    Nothing to remedy. JUst make sure that the toilet under the stairs is not cramped because of lack of headroom.
    Admin

  • November 8, 2017 at 8:16 pm
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    I am planning to construct a east facing plot wherein 3 floors will be constructed , we understand staircase block should be in south east and main door should be in north. Is this good understanding ? As we are not finding any design where we can have staircase from south east and main door from north. Any solution to above problem.
    Hi,
    The door and staircase positions are decided by the layout of your house. An architect can help you.
    Admin

  • November 13, 2017 at 10:07 am
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    Sir,
    we are building a house North Facing with 30 degrees East.
    The stairs is almost in the center of house but starts from E/ SE portion of kitchen to the SW/NW part of Master room. Stairs has the dinning on one side which is the NE and living in the other side SE/SW.
    Is there any remedy for this stair placement.
    Thanks
    Hi,
    Why do you need a remedy? As long as the stairs is not coming in the way of any room, it is fine.
    Admin

  • March 4, 2018 at 8:47 pm
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    Hi our house is constructed facing towards north and staircase is situated in North West location but the headroom is also located in North West direction so many of the people are telling that headroom should not be placed in North West direction so what is the remedy to be followed and is it so ?
    Hi Sasirekha,
    There wil obviously be a headroom above the staircase. According to me it is okay.
    Admin

  • August 16, 2018 at 10:22 pm
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    Hi we are living in usa my house is constructed facing towards northwest direction but the staircase is just opposite Direction of the main door & in the center of the house. Is there any remedy for the stair placement..thanks
    Hi,
    Please do not apply vastu guidelines in USA. They are relevant only in India.
    Admin

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