Here I have explained the Vastu Guidelines for the Interiors of a House. The placement of furniture, doors, windows, electrical gadgets, mirrors etc should be done according to certain Vastu guidelines.
Since Vastu is a science, every guideline is based on logic and reasoning. As an Architect, I have attempted to explain these guidelines rationally and scientifically, so that you can decide what you want to follow and what you don’t.
WHAT ARE THE VASTU GUIDELINES FOR THE INTERIORS OF A HOUSE?
Furniture should be placed in the South-East, South, or West sides of a room. It is best that the North-East corner of each room in the house be left empty. The Scientific Reasoning - Vastu recommends that maximum openings/windows should be kept in the North, East and North-East walls, in order to allow the useful, constant, morning sunlight from the North and the East into the rest of the house. So it is better to avoid furniture in these corners which may obstruct the light.
The house’s owner should sit facing North or East, and his guests should sit facing West or South. The Scientific Reasoning - When facing North one gets constant sunlight and by facing East, one gets morning sunlight which is very essential for the good health and feel-good mood of a person. So the owner can benefit at all times from the sunlight, while the guests who have just walked in from outside do not need it.
Avoid sitting facing South: The Scientific Reasoning - When you sit facing South, the Earth’s magnetic North pole and the body’s magnetic North pole, namely the head, repel each other causing a restless feeling.
Avoid sitting under exposed beams: as it excites your stress zone and disturbs your rational judgment in matters of importance. The balance can be partly restored by concealing beams with the help of a false ceiling. The Reason - When sitting in a room with an exposed beam, your peripheral eye vision is constantly disturbed as the ceiling is not uniform and the beam is projecting out. of irritation you get with a small speck of dirt on a clean surface. So it is better to conceal the beam.
Avoid furniture near sharp corners of columns:The Reason - These sharp edges can be dangerous when moving around and also can cause damage to the furniture when moved against them. Hence it is better to camouflage them by placing some objects like indoor plants.
Keep furniture at least 2″ away from the walls: The Scientific Reason - To allow for the free flow of air all around and under the furniture, thus creating good ventilation.
Avoid Clutter: It represents stagnation. The Scientific Reason – When you see clutter you feel helpless about it, and it just keeps accumulating and becomes an irritant in your mind. Removing clutter in your house will help you feel more efficient and function optimally.
Avoid storing things under furniture: The Reason – The space under furniture gets very dusty and cannot be cleaned often. Hence it is meaningless to store anything there.
Clocks should be placed on the West, North, or East walls. The Scientific Reasoning - Since there is constant light from the North, morning light from the East and evening sunlight from the West, it will be easy to see the time if the clock is placed on these walls.
Mirrors should be placed on the North or East walls, not on the South or West walls. Do not keep broken mirrors in the house. The Scientific Reasoning - If the mirrors are placed on the North and East walls, then the constant light from the North and the morning sunlight from the East will fall on our faces as we look into the mirror, thus enabling us to see ourselves better.
Medicines should be kept in the North-East corner of the house. It is best to nurse those who are ill in the South-West corner of the house. The Scientific Reasoning - North-East corner is bathed with useful morning sunlight. In earlier days, medicines were made from herbs and water and if stored in the N-E corner, the UV rays of the sunlight helped to keep them fresh and free from contamination.
A TV can be placed in the South-East side of a room. Watch TV, facing East or North: The Reason - Since one tends to sit in front of the T.V. for long hours, it makes sense to sit facing North or East, as you can be exposed to the suns rays, entering from the North or East windows.
Air conditioners should be placed on West walls: The Reason - The West wall tends to get heated up the most in the evenings and during the night, hence it is logical to have Air coolers or air conditioners on this side.
Paintings can create an active ambience. However in selecting paintings, avoid pictures such as nudes, fighting animals, hunting/violent/death scenes, barren trees, snakes, owls, bats, vultures and pigeons. The Reason - Negative images can remain in our sub-conscious mind causing some tension in us.
There should be an even number of columns and beams in the house, not odd. The Scientific Reason – It has to do with the balance of the building structure.
Doors should generally be made from a single piece of wood and should open clockwise. The Scientific Reason - Most of the population is right-handed. Hence it becomes easier for a person to open the door with the right hand in a clockwise direction.
The wash basin can be in the North or East of any room- the Dining/Bathroom/Kitchen: The Scientific Reasoning – In ancient times, water was placed in the North-East so that it gets purified due to the morning sun’s U-V rays. So Vastu pundits apply this principle to each room where a source of water is required. But in reality today, water comes through pipes and taps from one water tank. So one need not apply this principle everywhere.
Avoid sleeping with head in the North: The Scientific Reason - The blood in the body contains iron, making the body magnetic with the positive polarity in the head. Hence the head represents the North pole while the feet are the South pole of the body. When you sleep with your head to the North, these two positive polarities repel each other, disrupting the flow of blood and affecting your sleep and health. Hence one should never sleep with the head in the North.
WHAT ARE THE VASTU GUIDELINES FOR LIVING ROOM INTERIORS?
Sofa sets should be placed against the South and West walls: The Reason - It is best to have big window openings on the North and East walls as they allow the constant North light and the morning East light. So it is better not to obstruct these windows with furniture.
Water fountain/Aquarium should be in the North: A small fountain that runs throughout the day or a Fish Aquarium is recommended in the Living room. The Reason - The soft and soothing sounds of falling water in a fountain are pleasing to the ear. Also, watching fish moving around is a very relaxing pastime. This helps in better interaction between the family members and guests.
Fireplaces should be in the South-East or North-West: since South-East represents Agni (Fire). But avoid the North-East and South-West corners since North-East represents Water. The Reason - The North-East corner is to be left open for the sun’s rays to enter the house, so naturally blocking it with a fireplace is not advantageous.
WHAT ARE THE VASTU GUIDELINES FOR DINING ROOM INTERIORS?
The Dining table should be in the centre of the room, away from the walls: The Logic – Only if the Dining table is positioned in the centre of the room, can everyone’s chair be pulled out easily for sitting. If it is put against a wall, that side of the dining table cannot be used for placing chairs.
Avoid bathroom near the Dining room: The Logic - Every time someone uses the Bathroom, it can be uncomfortable for the rest of the diners sitting at the table. Also the smell from the toilet can be putting off, for the diners.
WHAT ARE THE VASTU GUIDELINES FOR KITCHEN INTERIORS?
The cooking stove should be in the South-East corner of the Kitchen: The Logic - In a South-East kitchen, it makes sense to have counters running on the South and East walls, for proper and efficient use of the space. Naturally the S-E corner becomes suitable for the main kitchen appliance, namely the Stove, as the rest of the counter space can be used for preparing and cleaning food to be cooked.
One should cook facing East: The Scientific Reason - Since the women get tied down with kitchen chores from early morning, they don’t get a chance to get exposed to the useful morning sunrays. So the best solution, was to force the women to cook facing East so that they would benefit from the sunlight falling on them.
The cooking stove should not be visible from the outside: The Logic - One feels uncomfortable to cook if people can see form outside. Hence a little privacy helps.
The Kitchen sink and cooking stove should not be close to each other: The Logic – being fire and water do not go together.
Avoid water taps in the corners of 2 counters: There should be no leaking taps in the kitchen. The Logic - It is quite difficult to wash if the sink is in the corner of two counters, as you tend to lean uncomfortably forward. Leaking taps just waste water.
Drinking water should be stored in the North-East of the Kitchen: The Scientific Reason - When water is to be stored, it is better to have it in the N-E corner where the morning UV rays can kill the germs and keep the water purified and clean for consumption.
The refrigerator should be in the North-West or South-West corner of the Kitchen: The Logic – Since the counters are fixed on the South and East walls of a S-E kitchen, the corners available for appliances like a refrigerator, are the N-W or the S-W corners.
The microwave should be in the South-East corner of the Kitchen: The Logic - A microwave just like a cooking stove is used for cooking food and so can be placed next to the stove in the South-East corner.
The exhaust fans should be in the East walls: The Logic – Since the cooking is done in the S-E corner, while facing East, it is obvious that the exhaust fan or chimney should be placed here.
Avoid overhead storage above the cooking stove: The Logic - The space above the stove should be left open or fitted with an exhaust system (like a chimney) for the fumes to dissipate. Otherwise there is the likelihood of the overhead cupboard catching fire. Also cleaning the cupboard, shelf etc will be quite difficult as it will be covered with oil and grease.
The Kitchen is the best place for the daily meals: The Logic – In earlier days, the lady of the house first served the meal to the rest of the family before eating herself and so it was convenient for her to make hot food and serve it right there instead of making it before hand and then transferring it all to the Dining room. Moreover, there is a charm in watching the lady cook the food right in front of you. The anticipation of the food makes it taste better and worth the wait.
WHAT ARE THE VASTU GUIDELINES FOR BEDROOM INTERIORS?
The Bed should be placed against the West or South walls. The Scientific Reasoning - This ensures that the person will get up in the morning, facing East or North directions from where the useful morning sunlight streams in.
Avoid the bed directly opposite the door: But the bed should be placed in a position where the occupants can see anyone coming into the rooms. The Scientific Reason – A bed is normally about 6.5-7 feet in length and if placed bang opposite the door, can psychologically appear to be an obstacle as you enter the room.
Beds should not be shaky: The mattress should provide good support to the body while resting. The Scientific Reason – The essential function of the bed is to provide a surface which is neither too hard nor too soft for the back. A shaky bed will creak and disturb others when people turn on the bed.
The dressing table should be in the East or North: The Scientific Reason - The constant light from the North or East will light up your face when sitting in front of the mirror, thus allowing you to dress up well.
Study table should face East, North or North-East: The Scientific Reason- The constant light from the North and the morning sunlight from the East will make reading easy, without much straining.
Avoid Television in the bedroom: If a TV is kept, it should never be directly in front of the bed as it works as a mirror and generates negative energy. The Scientific Reasoning – A T.V. does not encourage intimacy. In fact it only encourages people to become couch potatoes. Also, the waves from the T.V are not good for your health and so keeping the T.V far away is always preferable.
Computers should be kept in the South-East: The Scientific Reason – The South-East is considered the Aagneya (Fire) corner. The ‘Vastu Pundits’ consider electrical appliances as the equivalent of fire, since in olden days there was no electricity and happily encourage you to keep all electric gadgets in the S-E of every room.
Wardrobes should be in the North-West or South-West: The Scientific Reason – They serve as buffers to the hot evening sunlight coming in from the West.
The safe should be in the South-West, opening towards North: The Scientific Reason - The heavy stuff is preferred in the South or West sides to serve as a buffer to the hot evening sunlight. Since the constant light is from the North, you can see clearly into the Safe if it opens towards the North.
WHAT ARE THE VASTU GUIDELINES FOR BATHROOM INTERIORS?
The bathtub and shower can be in the North-East, North or East of the Bathroom: The Scientific Reasoning - In earlier times, the water for washing and bathing was stored near or directly above the Bathrooms, as there was no elaborate plumbing system wherein water was distributed throughout the house from just one water tank. Hence, it was preferable to have this water source in the North-East side where the sun’s beneficial U-V rays could purify the water.
The WC (commode) can be in the West, South or South-West of the Bathroom: The Scientific Reasoning - The WC was placed away from the bathing area so that it does not pollute the water stored for bathing purposes.
The WC should be oriented facing North or South: But not in the E-W direction. The Scientific Reasoning – In earlier times, when people sat in the open for the daily ablutions, it was necessary to shade their face from the sun and hence the E-W direction was avoided. Also it might have been a sense of respect to the Sunrise and Sunset, since the Sun was considered the major energy source.
WHAT ARE THE VASTU GUIDELINES FOR POOJA ROOM INTERIORS?
The Puja room should have a lower ceiling: One can use false ceiling for the same. The Scientific Reason - A Puja room is generally a small room and so having a low ceiling will make it appear more proportional.
The Puja room can be a pyramid shaped space: The Scientific Reason – It is known scientifically that sitting in a pyramid especially while meditating can create positive effects on the health of the person.
Door to the Puja room should have two shutters: The Logic – When doing puja or meditating, the door is kept open outwards and can come in the way if it is one shutter.
There should be a threshold at the entrance to the Puja room. The Scientific Reason - A threshold prevents ants and insects from entering and this is useful in a Puja room, as foodstuff may be offered in prayer.
Idols can be in the North-East, East or West of the Puja: The Scientific Reason – The morning sunlight streaming in from the North-East, East and the evening light from the West will light up the idols enabling you to see them better.
Avoid idols facing North: Because then the worshiper has to face South which is not advisable. The Scientific Reason – When a worshiper sits facing South, his feet are towards the south and his head is in the North. This causes the magnetic North of the body, namely the Head to repel the Earth’s magnetic North Pole.
Avoid broken idols or torn pictures: The Scientific Reason - Praying to a broken idol or torn image of a deity can be distracting.
Avoid idols facing each other: The Logic – The purpose of having idols in a Puja room is for one to be able to see them and meditate on them.
Idols should be kept at least an inch away from the wall: The Scientific Reason - Keeping the idols away from the walls, ensures that there is proper movement of air and incense smoke through the room.
The lamp should always be in front of the idol: The Scientific Reason - The idea of having a lamp is to light it and if it is placed in front of the idols, one can see them better.
The puja things should be stored in the South-East of the Puja room: The Scientific Reason - All the puja stuff should be kept away from the North-East and East, so that there is no obstruction to the morning sunlight.
Avoid a bell in the Puja room: The Logic – A Puja room at home is not made to replicate a temple. It is more of a meditation room and unnecessary sounds should be avoided.
Avoid photographs of dead people in the Puja room: The Logic - It is not advisable to have photos of dead family memebers in the Puja room as they may be distracting or bring back painful memories.
Food offerings should be placed in front of the idols: The Logic - Whatever is offered to god should be always placed in front of the idol as a mark of respect. Moreover, it is less cumbersome to remove and replace if it is right in front.
A cupboard lower than the idols can be placed against the South or West wall: The Scientific Reason - This way, it will not be an obstruction to the useful morning sunlight.
Avoid storing or hiding money or valuables in the Puja room: The Scientific Reason - Many people may feel they are being disrespectful to God by keeping things and hiding stuff here.
This post was about the Vastu guidelines for the Interior layout of a House. It is always useful to combine the Interiors with application of the right colours. Read abot the Vastu tips on colours here: