An architectural model is a tangible (physical) 3-dimensional representation of a structure built to study aspects of an architectural design or to communicate design ideas to clients as it gives an almost realistic view of the proposed building.
Rough study models can be made quickly using cardboard, wooden blocks, polystyrene, foam, foam boards and other materials. Such models are an efficient tool for three-dimensional understanding of a design, used by architects, interior designers and exhibit designers. For a highly detailed presentation model, architects would employ a professional model maker or model making company.
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF ARCHITECTURAL MODELS?
Architectural models are used by architects for a range of purposes:
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF ARCHITECTURAL MODELS?
There are different types of models depending on the requirement of the Client. The models range in detail from very simple, formal, massing models of just a few cuboid blocks up to detailed interior/exterior models complete with furnishings and landscaping. Some of the types of models are:
WHAT ARE THE MATERIALS USED FOR ARCHITECTURAL MODELS?
For years common materials like wood blocks, balsa wood, basswood and other woods have been used. Nowadays, architectural model builders use materials such as Taskboard, cardboard, polystyrene, foam, foam board, a variety of plastics and wooden-plastic composites.
Scenery elements– A number of companies produce ready made ‘scenery elements’ like furniture, vehicles, people figurines, trees, street lights, bushes and other features. These serve not only to beautify the model, but also to help the observer to obtain a correct feel of scale and proportions represented by the model.
This post is about three-dimensional architectural models and their usefulness in explaining a design imagined by an Architect. The architectural model can be better understood if it is viewed along with the ‘Design drawings’ drawn by the Architect. To understand the types of drawings that an Architect prepares for the Client and the stages at which the Architect presents these drawings, go to:
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