Vastu Shastra, an ancient mystic science for designing and building, unifies science, art, astronomy and astrology. The goal of Vaastu Shastra is to restore the balance between buildings and the universe so as to make the lives of the inmates better. Vastu lays down some principles which are set, rigid rules and were originally carefully guarded and meant for only temples, palaces and for the elite. However, these principles gradually spread by word of mouth and were used for houses as well. Today we have been handed down the science of Vaastu Shastra and the surprising thing is that it’s principles are applicable even today, though ancient India has changed from a largely agricultural society to the birth of many urban cities today.
This is because the Vastu factors namely the elements of Nature, Sun’s effects, Earth’s magnetic field, cardinal directions and Earth’s energy fields have not changed over the centuries and Vaastu Shastra is essentially the science of manipulating the above-mentioned Vastu factors in a building, so that they are in harmony which in turn will make the lives of the inmates happy and peaceful.
As an Architect practising in India, I have realised that the the guidelines that we follow in designing which are the sub-conscious outcome of all that we learn in 5 years of architectural education, in subjects like climatology, structural design, architectural design, building materials, history of architecture etc are actually very similar to the Vastu Shastra Principles.
WHAT ARE THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF VAASTU SHASTRA – THE VEDIC SCIENCE OF ARCHITECTURE?
There are five fundamental principles on which ‘Vaastu Shastra’ stands and they are:
- Site orientation – also called Diknirnaya.
- Site planning – also known as Vaastu Purusha Mandala.
- Proportions of the building – also known as Maana.
- Dimensions of the building– also called Aayadi
- Aesthetics of the building – also known as Chanda.
These five principles are very similar to the principles of Architecture taught in Architectural colleges all over the world today. A look into these principles will help to dispel the ignorance about Vaastu Shastra: that it is only a spiritual science meant for the construction of beautiful temples and is not useful for the design of Houses and other secular buildings. These principles are a guide for designing and planning a proportionate, aesthetic and beautiful building with the right measurements.
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- Vastu Shastra
- Vastu Shastra Factors
- Vastu Guidelines For Selecting A Site
- Vastu Guidelines For Designing A House
- Vastu Guidelines For Construction