Building material is any material which is used for construction purposes. Many naturally occurring substances, such as clay, rocks, sand, and wood, even twigs and leaves, have been used to construct buildings. Apart from naturally occurring materials, many man-made products that use natural materials or synthetic substances are used. The choice of building material in the construction of a building depends on the cost, durability, maintenance, ease in handling etc. It also depends on the ‘current trend’ which may be bio-degradable materials or imperishable ones, locally available materials or materials secured from abroad etc.
As an Architect practising in India, I have seen that my clients are often confused on the choice of building materials. This is because they get conflicting advice from well-wishers, contractors and others. The contractors sometimes insist on using certain materials, on which they get a good profit. So, it is my job to enlighten my clients on the best options. Here is a list of all the construction building materials used in a Building.
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