Flooring is the general term for a permanent covering of a floor. The purpose of flooring is to provide a horizontal, clean surface to support the occupants of a building, the furniture and equipment. Therefore the flooring must be strong enough to bear the super imposed loads. The choice of material for floor covering is affected by factors such as cost, endurance, noise insulation, comfort and cleaning effort. There are three broad categories for flooring material options, namely Natural, Man-made and Resilient and have their own advantages and disadvantages.
As an Architect, I am invariably asked by my clients to help them in choosing the right flooring for their rooms and house. The many choices available in the market and the flooring company owner’s ‘suggestive’ advice often confuse them. So I decided to write this post to help you in making the right decision. The commonly used flooring materials have been reviewed here with their pros and cons. Now, decide which one is best suited for you!
NATURAL FLOORING OPTIONS: Some of the most popular flooring materials are naturally occurring stones like Marble, Granite, Kota, Slate and Hardwood because of the beauty of their natural textures/patterns, sheen and their durability and strength.
MAN-MADE FLOORING OPTIONS: Man-made flooring materials are generally cheaper, more durable, less-maintenance and quicker to lay than natural flooring materials. The commonest are:
COMPARISONS BETWEEN FLOORING MATERIALS: Very often, people cannot make a decision regarding the right flooring material for their home/space. This is because there are so many types, manufacturers and dealers in the market. Also, the properties or appearances of some of the materials are quite similar that it can be quite confusing to discern the right one for you. Some of the commonly confused materials are compared here:
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