KOTA STONE FLOORING | An Architect Explains

Kota Stone is a fine-grained variety of limestone obtained from Kota, Rajasthan, India.  It is available in attractive, earthy colours. It is non-slippery, water-resistant, non-porous, can be rough finished or polished to a high shine. However, it does not have the sophisticated appearance of Marble or Granite. It is more rustic looking. It is used both in interiors and in exteriors, commercial spaces, external staircases, pathways, corridors, driveways, and balconies etc. A very similar stone is the Shahbad stone found in North Karnataka. But Shahbad is mostly grey.
Kota stone is a natural stone that can be easily maintained and is used both indoors and outdoors

Kota stone has both advantages and disadvantages. It is useful to know the characteristics of Kota sone, its usability and suitability as a flooring option. As an Architect, I have described Kota stone along with it’s features under the following headings so that you can decide whether it is suited for your requirement and your space:

What are the characteristics of Kota stone?
What are the advantages of Kota stone flooring?
What are the disadvantages of Kota stone flooring?
Where is Kota stone flooring best suited?


  • Composition: Kota is a very fine grained, siliceous calcium carbonate rock of sedimentary nature.
  • Physical properties: Kota is hard, compact, tough and homogenous natural stone. It is non-slippery.


  • Beautiful: Polished Kota Stone looks beautiful because of it’s nice smoothness and shine.
  • Natural: Like Marble or Granite, Kota is a natural stone and is bio-degradable and a green option.
  • Finish: Kota stone can be finished according to requirement such as one-side honed, both-sides honed, hand cut, machine cut, polished, mirror finish and calibrated etc.
  • Hygienic: Kota, being non-porous and moisture resistant, is a hygienic flooring option in humid regions.
  • Cool: Kota reflects heat and is always cool and comfortable underfoot.
  • Affordable: Unlike Marble or Granite, Kota stone is very affordable. In fact it is the cheapest stone among other natural stones.
  • Wide range: Kota is available in beautiful colours  like black, pink, grey and beige. though the rich greenish-blue and brown colours are the most popular.
Kota stone takes a high polish


  • Flaking: The stone tends to flake over a period of time. However, periodic polishing using polishing wax can eliminate this phenomenon.
  • Lustreless: Kota lacks the luster of Marble or granite.
  • Small sized tiles: Unlike Marble and Granite, Kota is not available as large slabs, due to the brittleness of limestone. The maximum sizes are around 240 cm x 75 cm.
  • Many joints: Unlike Marble or Granite, Kota stone flooring does not give the appearance of a seamless flooring because Kota tiles are available only in small sized tiles. Also, there is a lot of variation in colour between tiles.
Kota stone is available only in small sizes and hence a lot of joints are visible.


Due to it’s durability and affordability, it is the most preferred choice among natural stones in large spaces like industries and commercial buildings and homes of eco-conscious people.  It is sometimes used as a wall cladding because of its natural colouring and sheen. A very good alternative to Kota is Shahbad stone or Slate.

For information on other flooring options, go to:


In order to get a rough idea of the suitability of a particular flooring for your requirement and to make a fair comparison of the different types of flooring, refer to an Architect’s rating of the various kinds of flooring on my blog: House construction in India

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61 thoughts on “KOTA STONE FLOORING | An Architect Explains

  • August 1, 2020 at 7:36 am

    Should I use marble chips with Kota stone to fill the gaps between?

  • August 12, 2020 at 9:36 am

    Can we use marble chips to fill the gaps between Kota stone?

  • August 12, 2020 at 10:27 pm

    Which one is better for staircase- Kota stone or Granite ??

  • August 19, 2020 at 9:28 pm

    good information of kota stone flooring
    Thank you for the appreciation.

  • September 2, 2020 at 5:22 am

    Sir, Can I use kota stone flooring to an Auditorium which has no fixed chairs, Every now and then we have arrange the tables and plastic chairs and remove. Will it not create permanent scratches ? In what way it is better than granite as for as maintanance is concerned ?

  • October 14, 2020 at 9:41 am

    Hi sir

    I have kota stone on my flat roof , I installed them to avoid leakage from roof because of the cement flooring and cracks that comes on it , however this monsoon the water rinsed through again via the gaps between tiles and seapage happened to an extent that water actually dropped from the ceiling .
    Question I want to ask is if Kota is safe for roof
    Question 2 what I can do to Kota stones to avoid leakage of water

  • January 22, 2021 at 7:37 am


    Firstly appreciate your help.
    Can you advise on using Tandur stone in the washroom ( which will be used hardly once or twice in a month) ?
    If so which among these options is preferable ?
    c.leather finished
    Thank you.

  • February 16, 2021 at 11:41 am

    Hi I am looking to lay kota stone at stairs and bath room. Please advise of it a good idea.

  • April 8, 2021 at 7:19 am

    Sir how to clean stains on kota stone , please suggest me Sir .we have tried by many ways but it was impossible sir,Please help me out sir

  • April 14, 2021 at 6:42 am


    I really need your advice here. We have used unpolished kota stone in the kitchen and dining hall as it’s non-slippery. Unfortunately, during the final cleaning, the cleaner has used some material which seems to have had acid in it. It’s reacted with the stone and left white patches. Though he’s cleaned it, there is still some whiteness visible on the flooring. He says it will go with every day cleaning and mopping. Is that true? Is there any other way to get rid of the white patches? Please let me know.

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