WHAT ARE THE ‘CONCEPT DRAWINGS’ PREPARED BY AN ARCHITECT?
This is a set of drawings prepared by the Architect in accordance with the Client’s brief. They are basic plans indicating the layout of the building, the approximate sizes of the rooms and the setbacks of the building within the site. These drawings give the Client an idea of the design layout of his building, the circulation spaces, the positioning of the rooms with reference to each other, and the approximate sizes.
The Client is free to give suggestions and request for changes. The Architect makes the necessary changes accordingly and the Client gives any further suggestions which will again be incorporated in the drawings. Only after the Client has approved the design, does the Architect move to the next stage of drawings. In case the client is unable to fathom the design from the plans, the Architect may explain it further with sketches or study elevations or he may get a study model or perspective made ( at extra cost).
WHAT ARE THE ‘PRELIMINARY DRAWINGS’ PREPARED BY AN ARCHITECT?
Once the Concept Drawings are approved, the Architect prepares Preliminary Drawings. These are Plans, Elevations and sometimes Sections with exact room dimensions, wall thickness, setbacks and window positions. The Client gets an idea of how his building is going to look and he is free to give his suggestions – accordingly they will be incorporated.
This set of drawings will also include a Furniture Layout drawing which gives an idea of how the furniture can be placed in each room and the space of the room with relation to the furniture and may also include an external site drawing to show the number of cars that can be parked and the area available for landscape and play areas etc. The Architect may also commission a perspective or walkthrough ( at extra cost) to give the Client a 3-D view of the building
WHAT ARE THE ‘SANCTION DRAWINGS’?
These include Site Plan, Plans, Elevations and Sections etc, in the required format and to the required scale for getting approval from the Authorities. At the right hand side of the sheet, details such as the Owner’s details, the site details, adjacent properties survey numbers, the Architect’s name, address and Council of Architecture Registration Number are mentioned.
WHAT ARE THE ‘TENDER DRAWINGS’ PREPARED BY AN ARCHITECT?
These drawings convey a lot of information about the project to enable the Contractors who are quoting for the Job to understand the project completely. They are also useful for the Consultants who can accordingly prepare their final drawings. And then the bill of quantities & specifications for the Tender are prepared from these drawings as well as the Consultants drawings.
They are detailed drawings with exact dimensions, wall thicknesses, specifications, column beam sizes and positions, schedules of doors & windows, levels and heights in the building. Any unusual building design elements which cannot be fully explained by specifications only, are explained with the help of drawings.
WHAT ARE THE ‘WORKING DRAWINGS’ PREPARED BY AN ARCHITECT?
These drawings are an extension of the Tender Drawings and convey the bulk of the technical information about the building project and are generally issued to Site for Construction purpose. A Working Drawing will typically have a title panel at the bottom of the right hand corner of the sheet to aid reference when the sheet is folded. This title panel will generally indicate:
Working Drawings will include the following drawings:
Working Drawings are always read in conjunction with the Consultants Drawings.
WHAT ARE THE DRAWINGS PREPARED BY THE CONSULTANTS?
This post is about the detailed architectural drawings prepared by the Architect to enable the Client and the building team to understand and construct the building exactly as per the Architect’s vision. To better understand the design, the Client can request the Architect to organise more explanatory drawings like perspectives and 3-dimensional architectural models, as explained here: