Vastu Principle | Vastu Purusha Mandala | An Architect Explains

Vastu Principle | Vastu Purusha Mandala | An Architect Explains

The ancient Indian text Mayamatam on Vastu Sastra, written thousands of years ago, explains the legend of the Vastu Purusha. According to Hindu mythology, in the beginning Brahma the creator of the Universe, experimented with a new creature. He created a large cosmic man, who grew rapidly as he began to devour everything in his path to satisfy his insatiable hunger. When he became unmanageably big so that his shadow fell on the Earth like a permanent eclipse, the gods Shiva and Vishnu begged Brahma to do something before everything was destroyed by this Creature.

Brahma realised his mistake and called the Astha Dikapalakas – the Gods of the eight cardinal directions. Together, they overpowered the monster and held it flat against the Earth while Brahma jumped on it’s middle. Then the Monster cried  out to Brahma, “You created me like this. So why am I being punished?” Brahma offered him a compromise and made the Monster immortal with the boon that he would be worshiped by any mortal that builds a structure on earth. He was named Vastu Purusha.

Vastu Shastra gives the directive principles regarding construction of buildings so as not to displease the Vastu Purusha. These principles are explained with the help of the diagram called the Vastu Purusha Mandala.


The diagram shown above, known as Vastu Purusha Mandala, is a metaphysical square plan that illustrates how the Vastu Purusha was pinned down by Brahma and 44 Gods – face down, with his head to the North-East and his  feet towards the South-West.

The diagram is divided into 9×9 = 81 parts. The positions of the 45 gods who are holding down the Vastu Purusha are shown. (32 in the external enclosures and 13 in the internal enclosures). These symbolic Gods rule various aspects of life and have certain inherent qualities. For example, there should be no weight on the central portion as it is ruled by Brahma, the supreme one. It is to be kept open in the form of a central courtyard. (This was mainly to allow proper flow of air and cross ventilation). The function of the rooms placed in each area of the house was in accordance with the nature of the deity ruling that particular area. This has been shown in the two examples given below:




According to Vastu Shastra, if the house is designed as per the Vastu Purusha Mandala, a perfectly balanced environment which ensures enhanced health, wealth and happiness is created. The Scientific Explanation: This is actually based on scientific principles wherein, the Sun, the five basic elements (panchabhutaas), the Earth’s magnetic field, Earth’s energy fields,and the eight directions are manipulated to create an atmosphere beneficial to man. The Vastu pundits figured out that, when the different rooms were placed according to the Vastu Mandala created by them, good disposition to the Sun, proper ventilation and lighting and privacy would be ensured in the building.




Because of the importance of sunlight to humans, the main aim of Vastu Shastra is to ensure that the inmates of a house are inadvertently exposed to the useful rays of sunlight, even if they are inside the house the whole day. But during a day, people perform different activities in different rooms at different times and the Sun’s position keeps changing from sunrise to sunset. So to ensure that the inmates get exposed to sunlight constantly, each room should be positioned so that it faces the Sun at the time of the day when it is most likely to be used.

The 24 hours  of 1 solar day are divided into eight parts which are associated with the eight cardinal directions. In each of these eight periods, the Sun is positioned in one of the cardinal directions. So the room which is most likely to be used during that period is located in this direction. This is explained here:

Puja Room or meditation room in the North-East: The Reasoning – The period between 3am and 6am, just before sunrise is called Brahma Muhurta. At this time, the Sun is in the North-Eastern part of the house. These hours are ideal for Yoga, meditation, or study as it is very quiet and peaceful. Therefore, the North-East corner is the best position for the Puja Room or meditation room.

Bathroom, doors/windows in the East: The Reasoning – From 6am to 7.30am, the Sun is in the eastern part of the house. This is the time for bathing and preparing for the day, so East is a good location for a bathroom used for bathing purposes only. In addition, there  should be lots of openings and no obstructions in the East so that the beneficial ultraviolet rays of the morning Sun will engulf the house.

Kitchen in the South-East: The Reasoning – The time between 7.30am to 9am, when the Sun is in the South-East part of the house, is the best time for preparing food to be eaten later in the day. Therefore, the kitchen can be located here as the UV rays of the Sun will keep the kitchen counter free from germs that spoil the food.

Bedroom, office, Store room in the South: The Reasoning – The period between 9am and noon is the time for work. The Sun is now in the South, and hence this is the best position for an office and a bedroom. By noon, the intensity of the heat is high and so the South is  ideal for store rooms which need to be moisture proof.

Master bedroom, Wardrobes in the South-West: The Reasoning – After lunch it is time for rest, so the time between noon and 3 pm is called Vishranti, the resting period. The Sun is now in the South-West section of the house and so it is the ideal location for a Master bedroom and the wardrobes should be kept on the west wall to reduce the heat.

Children’s bedroom, study room, toilets in the West: The Reasoning – The period between 3pm and 6pm is the time for children to study. The Sun is in the West and this is the best location for a children’s bedroom or study room. Since the West gets  very heated up, it is beneficial to have less used rooms like toilets which serve as buffers to the heat.

Second bedroom, dining room in the North-West: The Reasoning –  The time between 6pm and 9pm, when the Sun is in the North-West part of the house, is the time for eating, relaxing and sleeping. Therefore this direction is good for another bedroom and dining room.

Safe, Living room in the North: The Reasoning – The time between midnight and 3 am, when the Sun is in the Northern section, is the time of darkness and secrecy. The North is therefore the best place to hide valuables and to keep them protected.

This post is about the ‘Vastu principle | Vastu purusha Mandala’ and the positioning of different rooms of a House according to this diagram. Read about another important “Vaastu Shastra principle | Maana – Proportions”, which explains the right proportions, ratio of height to breadth for buildings, here:

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18 Responses to “Vastu Principle | Vastu Purusha Mandala | An Architect Explains”

  1. Manoj says:

    Kudos to you folks for coming up with Vaastu scientifically explained. Wonderful information.

    Just a glitch, for many of the pages, the images do not show up, like this Vaastu-purusha-mandala page. Please fix it.
    Thank you Manoj for pointing out the glitch. It has been corrected and the Site has become faster and easier to navigate after we shifted to another web server. Please share in your circle, so that it can reach a wider audience.

  2. Er.Vijay says:

    Its very easy and useful for those who want to know the basic items for Vasthu to get them an idea.
    Hi Vijay,
    Thank you for the appreciation. This has been my endeavour – to make Vastu Shastra an easy subject to understand.

  3. Amarnath says:

    Could you please validate the plan prepared for my house for vastu
    Plesae tell me the fees for validation
    P. Amarnath Santh,
    Hi Amarnath,
    I am not a Vastu Pundit and I do not validate plans. A Vastu pundit will specify positions for your rooms but in doing so may not bother with the overall circulation and planning. As an architect, I am against this and that is why, I have simplified Vastu – how I understand it with a scientific bend – so that it becomes easier for you to apply it in your building without having the need to consult a vastu expert.

  4. Kamalaksh Pai says:

    The information is good but only the position direction is given, but the door direction is not given. For example pooja room should be in N/E but the door should face which side?
    Hi Kamalaksh Pai,
    The door position depends on the plan of the rest of the house. For example if your Pooja room in the NE corner is adjacent to the living room in The North, then the door will be on the West wall of the puja room. On the other hand if the adjacent room is in the East, then the door will be on the South wall of the pooja room.

  5. Hema says:

    Very Informative.
    THank you Hemalatha for your appreciation. Please share in your circle of friends.

  6. Grady says:

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  7. Ramarao says:

    very very useful website to people for living happy prosperous life
    Hi Ramarao,
    Thank you. I am glad this website has been useful to you. Please share it among your friends so that it has a wider reach.

  8. Prabir Kumar Manna says:

    Everybody should abide by the above norms.
    Hi Prabir,
    I think you should understand the scientific reasons why Vastu Shastra recommends certain positions and then apply it to your living space, rather than following the rules as such.

  9. Buddha says:

    My house has the entrance on the south west, which says it is a bad position? So what is the solution or remedy for the south west entrance? Do i have to change the location of the entrance? If so how can i measure the location of the pada, if it is a semi-detach house? As on the east side there is another house? Suggest me pls. Can i extend on the west side as it is a open area to pass the car to park in the garage? If i extend the west side, do i have to take the measure for that extended part as well to measure the pada? Your suggestion will help me alot.
    Thank you.
    Hi Buddha,
    Why do you want to make so many changes to your house just because it is said that the SW entrance is not ideal? It does not mean it is bad. By making changes, you will alter the existing plan which may affect the circulation. So unless you feel uncomfortable with the SW door, do not make changes.
    If you decide to make changes, then shift the main door in such a way that your access to the house are not affected.

  10. Shreepad S M Gandhi says:

    Thanks for the wonderful information.
    I have a query that we have a east facing (main entrance) 2BHK flat on 5th floor. The kitchen otta is on the west wall and it is not possible to have the kitchen on the east. Should the stove/oven be north-west or south-west. Thanks for your response.
    Hi Shreepad,
    Thank you for the appreciation. Keep the stove in the NW.

  11. malli says:

    What if the house is facing NE direction? how do we adjust like head towards south while sleeping and also all the main directions like east west north south coming in the corners.
    Hi Malli,
    Any room has four sides and it is possible to have your head position in East, West or South.

  12. Deepak says:

    Thanks, very informative & authentic; please also do share how a big plot, square or rectangular (East facing) is to be developed with respect to (i) Main Gate, (ii) Fruits Orchard, (iii) Lawn or Lawns, (iv) Vegetable garden, (v) Bore Well or Wells , (vi) Underground Water Tank or Tanks,(vii) Septic Tanks, (viii) Generator Room, (ix)a compact with 3 Bed Rooms, 3 Baths cum Toilets, Living, Kitchen, Puja Room; (x) any other point missed,
    Hi Deepak,
    Thank you. Just apply the vastu purusha mandala on any site and you will get the positions for all the above mentioned.

  13. santosh chandrakant kalekar says:

    Very good suggestions.
    Hi Santosh,
    Thank you for the appreciation.

  14. Dipa says:

    hello sir,

    if Kitchen is in between South East and South West then where should be Kitchen Otta’s face and we should keep shegdi ideally.
    Hi Dipa,
    Place the stove so that you are facing east while cooking.

  15. Sooraj.SV says:

    In an east facing plot, NE corner is left for Parking/Under ground water storage. In that which is best alternative for a Pooja Room.
    Hi Sooraj,
    Find a small space anywhere in the house which does not come in the way (circulation space) and has enough light and ventilation. Place the idols such that you will be facing East, North or West while praying.

  16. Hello !!!
    Im living in India till Setempber, there is a possibilit of a course with you around August?
    i apreciatte if you awnser in my email box!!!
    Hi Eduardo,
    Thank you for the interest, but I do not take up courses.

  17. malavika says:

    is there any issue if there is any Cutting in the middle part of the south side of the house Like ‘H’ shape? house facing towards North.
    Hi Malavika,
    Ideally the house plan should be rectangular. But if the Shape is a H, it is acceptable provided the all rooms get adequate light and ventilation in spite or because of the design.

  18. Rajashaker says:

    I have 60*40plot 40 ft to south road and plot is diagnol i:e north is tilted to 30deg to north east i want to have commercial shop at road and at back house
    And at first floor 2 portions 2 house please suggest good plane according to aaya measurment
    Hi Rajashaker,
    You can have it the way you have in mind. But for a plan you need to meet an architect.


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