Vastu Guidelines For Site Shape | An Architect Explains

Vastu Guidelines For Site Shape | An Architect Explains

According to Vastu Shastra, the Site ‘Shape’ affects the well being of the inmates. Some shapes have a good effect, while others have a bad effect and some others can be used after making corrections by building a ‘Vastu’ compound wall in a suitable shape. 
site shape
Since Vaastu is a science, every guideline is based on logic and reasoning. As an Architect, I have attempted to explain these guidelines rationally and scientifically, so that you can decide what you want to follow and what you don’t, instead of blindly following them like a superstition.


ACCORDING TO VASTU SHASTRA, WHAT IS THE BEST SHAPE  OF A SITE AND WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT SHAPED SITES?

squareSquare shaped site is the best shape: According to Vastu, it ensures the inmates all round prosperity and happiness. The Reasoning- In earlier times, since most houses were designed around a central square courtyard, for good cross-ventilation and protection from the hot summer heat, a square Site was considered the best, as the Site could be used fully, without any wastage.

rectangle

Rectangle shaped Site is also considered good: especially if the longer sides runNorth to South, rather than West to East. It bestows good health, wealth and prosperity. The Reasoning- Like in a square site, it is easy to design a square or rectangle shaped house in a rectangle site even though there will be some extra land around the house. But this space can be  used for trees, outhouse etc and hence is not wasted.

Today, in the modern context, as an Architect, I also subscribe to this view. I find the rectangle shape the best for Sites- It is easier to design a house on rectangular lines since this allows for a good flow of interior spaces and the proportion of the rectangle’s sides are most suitable in designing rooms. It may be for this reason that Sites in cities are usually available in rectangular  shapes such as 30’x40′, 40’x60′, 50’x80′ etc.

triangleTriangle shaped Site is not considered good: However, if the site is very big, then it can be used by constructing a Vaastu compound wall so that it appears to be a square shaped site and then designing the house within it. The Reasoning- In a triangular site, it is difficult to design a square or rectangular house, which is the preferred shape for an efficient plan. There will be a lot of wastage of land on all three corners and very little space on the periphery of the house. Also, the plinth area of the house will be much less than, if the same plan is drawn on a square or rectangular site of the same area.

circleCircular/Elliptical/Oval shaped Sites are not considered good for houses: According to Vastu, such Sites are only good for constructing circular/elliptical shaped buildings, like public buildings. The Reasoning- Just like in a triangle shaped site, it is difficult to construct a rectangle or square house and there will be a lot of odd-shaped waste land around and hence is not considered worth buying for a house.

trapeziumPentagon, Hexagon, Octagon shaped Sites are not considered good: However, if these shapes are made rectangular or square by building a Vastu compound wall, so that it appears to be a square or rectangular Site, it can be used. The Reasoning- Just like in a triangle shaped site there will be lot of wastage of land around the building and so is  not considered worth the money you spend for the land.

l-shapeL-Shaped Site is not good for a house: However, if it is possible to buy the site on the inside of the L-shaped site to form a rectangle site, then it is fine. Or if the arms are wide enough then the site can be fenced off into a rectangle and the remaining portion can be used for a garden or  some other structure. The Reasoning- It will be difficult to design a square or rectangle shaped house in a L-shaped plot, unless the arms are very wide.

goumukhGou-mukh (Cow faced) site is considered auspicious: According to Vastu, if the plot is narrow in the front and wide at the back, like the face of a cow, it is auspicious. The Reasoning- A square or rectangle shaped house can be designed in this plot with some excess land in the back which can be used for various things like a kitchen garden, outhouse etc.

simhaSimha-mukh (Lion faced) Site is considered inauspicious: According to Vastu, if the plot is wide in the front or entrance and narrow at the back, like the face of a lion, it is inauspicious. The Reasoning- In this plot, though a rectangle or square shaped house can be designed, the excess land will be in the front, and an outhouse  or kitchen garden cannot be placed here. So the excess space will be wasted and hence not considered worth the money spent.

cutSites with cut corners are not good: If possible, you should be able to purchase the cut part as well, so that the site looks whole. The Reasoning- It will be difficult to design a house if any of the corners are cut, as some parts of the house will not have proper ventilation.

Sites with cut-corners in the North-East are not good and  should not be purchased. It is like a headless body, because as per Vastu Purusha Mandala the Vastu Purusha’s head lies in the North-East. The Reasoning- The North-East is the direction from which the sun light engulfs the house in the morning and hence should be kept open without any obstructions. So, if it belongs to someone else, that portion cannot be kept open to the useful sunlight.

Sites with projections/extensions in the North or East are considered good: The Reasoning- The North-East is the direction from which the sun light engulfs the house in the morning and so if this corner is projected, there can be a lot more open space that will ensure more unobstructed sunlight.

Sites with projections/extensions in the North-West, South-East or South-West are not considered good: but can be used after corrections by building a Vaastu compound wall. The Reasoning – Having open spaces to the South and West of a site are not preferred, as the hot sunrays projected towards these directions, will heat up the house.

Irregular shaped sites have a negative effect on the human psyche, but can be used after building a square or rectangular compound wall around it: The Reasoning:  The compound wall protects the building and the space surrounding it from negative energies and so, in irregular shaped properties, square or rectangular shaped compound walls can be  built and the remaining area should be left for growing trees and plants.

This post was about the importance of  ‘Site Shape’ in the Selection of a Site. Read about another important Vastu Shastra consideration when Selecting a Site, namely:

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87 Responses to “Vastu Guidelines For Site Shape | An Architect Explains”

  1. B.Phanikumar says:

    Good Afternoon sir,

    I have a Purchased a Plot in “L Bow ” Shaped Plot.

    Dimensions are

    North -9′ feet
    South – 27’8″ feet
    west – 25’6″ feet
    South-East Corner -20’3″ feet
    North-East Corner -25’2″ feet

    This is plot is having a North East facing Road.
    Is it suitable for Residential House? Please advise me sir. I am Waiting for your Valubale Suggestions.
    Hi Phanikumar,
    I am unable to visualise the site plan. From what you have described, it appears to be a 5 sided site with the NE corner cut. If that is the case, according to Vastu it is not ideal. But since yours is a North facing plot, this cannot be considered very inauspicious in Vastu. Just make sure that your house is designed in such a way that you are able to benefit from the sunlight in the NE corner.
    Admin

  2. abhilasha says:

    Hi, we have purchased an east facing site which is 40ft in front and 47 ft at the back which makes the north west corner extended than the north east corner. The house is built in 30*40 area leaving rest of the space towards north end vacant. please advise if any corrections need to be made.
    Hi Abhilasha,
    From what I have understood, you need not make any changes.
    Admin

  3. Richa says:

    Dear Sir
    I am planning to buy a vacant land which is north east facing, the only problem is – it is not a perfect rectangle. The dimensions are
    1. Front- 22.5m
    2. Back- 22 m
    3. Right Side- 51m
    4. Left side- 48 m
    The front of the land is in a straight line . I will be building a rectangular house on it.
    Please advice, if this is OK from Vaastu aspect.
    Grateful for your advice
    Regards
    Richa
    Hi Richa,
    The width variation from front to back is not too much. And since you are builing a rectangular house, it should be okay.
    Admin

  4. dr. jibachh says:

    sir, i have a plot having roads in east & north,it’s side length are east-57ft,west-45.9ft,south-55ft,&north-56.9ft, please guide me to correct it according to vastusatra.
    HI Dr Jibachh,
    It is an irregular shaped site. But being longer on the Eastern side, it is advantageous as you can get a lot of sunlight especially in the morning. Build a regular rectangular house and grow plants in a rectangular shape around the house, so that the irregular corners are regularised.
    Admin

  5. Sharanya says:

    Hi,
    I am looking to buy a plot with these dimensions. Overall the plot is West facing and in Trapezium shape.
    E 40′
    W 40′
    N 55.8′
    S 53.4′
    Please suggest if I can go ahead with the purchase. Thanks in advance!
    Hi Sharanya,
    The site seems to be okay though it is not clear in which direction there is an extension. If it is in the NE it is very good according to vastu. But anyhow, construct a rectangular house on it.
    Admin

  6. Vincent says:

    Hello Admin,
    I have a question.. Im planning to buy a road facing – West facing SherMukhi plot ( wider at front and narrow at the back). Many people are saying it is bad and not good for residential purpose and resale value will take a hit..
    What is your suggestion? Is it possible to design good house out of it. The proper rectangle side is 27(width) * 50(depth) and in the front it is more than 27feet..
    Need urgent feedback
    Hi Vincent,
    I would not treat the site as a typical “shermukhi” site, because the difference between the back and front dimensions is just a few inches. But then it all depends on how you view things and the effect of your friends advice. Like I always tell my readers, do a simple “feel” test. Spend some time in the site in solitude and “feel” it. If you feel good then go for it, otherwise avoid it. It is [possible to design a rectangular house in your site.
    Admin

  7. Chandrasekar says:

    I am planning to buy a site of 2720 sq ft with a house built of 747.50 sft; West facing; North to South – both front and back 40 ft; West to East: North side 67 ft & South side 68 ft. because of 1 feet, the perfect rectangular shape is affected.
    Right side of the house from entrance (south side of the plot) mango, coconut and Banana trees are there.
    Please advise whether as per vastu this plot is okay for buying?
    Hi Chandrasekar,
    A difference of 1 foot will not affect the vastu of the site adversely because you can always build a rectangular house. Also, the presence of useful trees are an advantage. But, whether this site is good for you, I cannot say. You should go by your “gut feeling” when you stand in the site. If it is a positive feeling, then go for it otherwise avoid it.
    Admin

  8. mohan says:

    Hi,I have plan of purchasing the site with dimension in the records it in 30*30 but the actual is 30*32 is it ok to purchase as per the vaastu.
    Please advice.
    Hi Mohan,
    It is advantageous that the site is bigger than what the records indicate. It is not a negative from vastu point of view.
    Admin

  9. velu says:

    Dears,
    I wish to purchase a building on plot have following dimensions, the plot is east facing and have road at north side as well,
    East side 31.9 feet
    West side 36.3 feet
    south side 56.3 feet
    North side 56.3 feet

    The NW is extended 2.5 feet compared to NE The SW is extended 2 feet compared to SE.
    The building have 3 shops at east side and a house behind facing north, on both ground and first floors. The building is built on rectangular shape.
    I request your kind advice and suggestion on buying this property.
    Hi Velu,
    The site is a gou-mukh site which is considered auspicious. You can read about it in my post on site shapes.
    According to me the site seems to be fine. But the final decision is yours.
    Admin

  10. Raghav says:

    Sir
    I have seen a west facing plot with southwest extension. But builder is telling that he will cut it in a rectuangular shape and build a compound wall and leave the traingle shaped southwest extension and not registering it on my name. Can I buy the plot and construct a house ?
    Regards
    Raghav
    Hi Raghav,
    It is always preferable to build on a rectangular plot instead of one with odd corners. So as long as you are not paying for the extension, I do not see a problem.
    Admin

  11. Dulmini says:

    Hi,
    we have a land and The dimensions are
    Front 26.27m
    back 17.4m
    side 29.55m
    side 31.47m
    we are planning build a rectangular house in there and it will build along the 29.55m border. Please advice, if this is OK from Vaastu aspect.
    Hi Dulmini,
    Yeah it is fine to build a rectangular house. Just make sure that you plant hedges in a rectangular shape around the house, so that it appears like a rectangular site.
    Admin

  12. VENKATESH R says:

    sir,
    I am planning to buy a vacant land which is east facing road side , The dimensions are
    1. EAST 31 FEET
    2. WEST 26 FEET (NORTH WEST PROJECTED AT WEST)
    3. NORTH 40 FEET
    4. SOUTH 35 FEET (SOUTH EAST EXTENDED AT SOUTH)
    PLEASE ADVISE ME HOW TO RECTIFIED THIS PLOT AS PER VASTU
    REGARDS
    VENKATESH
    Hi Venkatesh,
    Build a rectangular house with 90 degree angles within the site. but there will be some wastage of site area.
    Admin

  13. gnanam says:

    Hi ,

    I have an idea to buy a east facing flat at First Floor has length 31 ft and width 16 ft rectangle in which north east side has inclined small rectangle shape with length of 9ft and width of 2ft and south east corner has inclined small rectangle with length of 4ft and width 6ft, Is it adviseable to buy?
    Hi Gnanam,
    The best test is to “feel” the apartment. Gauge your feelings when you are in the apartment and see if you feel positive or negative. If you feel it is good for you, then go for it.
    Admin

  14. Jan says:

    Hi,
    I am looking to buy a plot with these dimensions. Overall the plot is north facing and in quadrilateral shape.
    E 30 ft
    W 40 ft
    N 24 ft
    S 26 ft
    Please suggest if I can go ahead with the purchase. Thanks in advance!
    Hi Jan,
    The front is narrower than the back and so it is a good site according to Vastu.
    Admin

  15. Jaipal Reddy says:

    Dear Sir,
    My Plot is 28’X54′ with North-West Corner Road
    North Side : 28′
    East Side : 54′
    West Side : 54′
    South Side : 28′
    I would like to construct an House with ‘U’ Shape, I want to make open face of ‘U’ on the Mid-Western side, so that I will have a view to the western road,Please advise.,
    If not possible as per Vastu, I would like to Construct the same ‘U’ shape building with open face of ‘U’ to on the Mid-Eastern side., Want to Place greenary in the Open space of ‘U’
    Hi Jaipal Reddy,
    It is nice to have a U shaped building as you can incorporate greenery into the U. But I would suggest, you build it facing East so that all the rooms will get ample light from the East instead of the west which will be very hot.
    Admin

  16. Bharath says:

    Hi Sir,
    We are looking at a corner plot. Plot is facing West and South.
    Dimensions are:
    North:48
    South:28
    East:46
    West:40
    Its a irregular plot with no 90 degree corners. Should we buy this?
    Bharath
    Hi Bharath,
    It is a goumukh plat, that is with narrow fronts and wider backs which is good according to vastu. But it does not have 90 degree corners and the site dimensions are small. So when you construct a house, you will have to build a regular rectangular house within the available space, which will not be much. So you could have small rooms and a not a very efficient plan. So think of all these factors before you make a decision.
    Admin.

  17. satish says:

    Hi Sir,
    My house dimensions are West:24 South=47 East=14 North=45.
    Entrance is West face. could you please suggest remedies about south west corner extension.
    Regards,
    Satish Thota.
    Hi Satish,
    Why do you need remedies? Leave it as it is.
    Admin

  18. Sudheer says:

    I plan to purchase plot which is East facing and 3 side road dimensions is as follows
    East–30 feet
    North —39 feet
    South—23 feet
    West—33 feet
    Suggest me
    Hi Sudheer,
    This site is gou-mukh, that is it has a narrower front and a wider back whic is auspicious in vastu shastra. But the final decision is yours. If you feel positive about it, go for it.
    admin

  19. Aditya says:

    Hi,
    The plot I am planning to buy is a little shermukhi. Is it ok to buy? Please help
    Hi Aditya,
    Forget the shermukhi aspect. Go by your gut instinct. If you like it, go ahead.
    Admin

  20. S KUMAR says:

    Sir,
    V have a drain in north & west side of the property. Is it okay. If not, what are the type of issues we may get. Regards
    Hi S Kumar,
    Why worry about the possible issues? Drains will be there according to the orientation of the site and you cannot and need not do anything about it.
    Admin

  21. p.Dhanapal says:

    I like to purchase a house of north facing. it of 60X40 size. But after this site their is a building and after that a small temple is their. The temple should be reached through the road in that site. May i purchase that site. Somebody is telling the shade of the temple should not fall our house. Is it true.
    Please advice me.
    Hi Dhanapal,
    By saying that the shadow should not fall, it means that the temple should not be too close and too tall. But in your case it is not the case. So you can consider it, but again it is your decision – go by your gut feeling.
    Admin

  22. Sweta says:

    Sir,
    I have a plot (around 235 sq yards) – I recently got to know that in a plot, the South west (SW) corner shouldn’t be extended (i.e. this direction should not be extended or have more open space). Unfortunately, in my plot the SW side is extended & has far more space compared to the other 3 corners. I heard that 1 of the problem’ with this is that overall prosperity is stalled & there’d be no growth. Request you to kindly suggest/guide on how to correct this?
    I’d also read that 1 of the remedies is constructing a boundary/compound wall to cut off the unwanted portion – is there any alternative to this (say digging 1 to 1 1/2 feet deep along the SW & SE corners to remove the unwanted SW extension OR laying a copper wire along the SW & SE boundaries?).
    Please guide.
    Hi Sweta,
    To get over your fear, you could build a low wall or even plant some hedges so that the site is like a regular rectangle.
    Admin

  23. sujith says:

    Hi,
    my house is constructed on a rectangular plot.iam planning to buy the nearby plot.The house plot becomes l shaped if that plot is joined.The extension comes in the north east and north west direction when the nearby plot is joined.I request you to provide me with your valuable suggestions.
    Hi Sujith,
    There is nothing wrong with the extended plot. You will have to consult an architect near your place to do anything in it.
    Admin

  24. MRINAL NAG says:

    Dear Sir,
    I want to purchase a plot East facing
    East & West 30 ft
    North & South 115 ft.
    Please advice as per Vastu can I purchase.
    Thanks
    Hi Mrinal Nag,
    IT is an exceptionally narrow site with a small frontage. A good architect can design a good building on this site, but everything hinges on you getting the right person. Ideally a site with sides(small to big) in the ratio of above 0.6 is preferable. But make the decision based on your instinct.
    Admin

  25. Amar says:

    Dear Sir,
    I am purchasing a new plot which has west side road (30′ wide)connected to north side road but plot size is around 5000 sqft and sizes as
    1. west side entry – 63’5″
    2. east side back – 60’5″
    3. north side (road side) – 75′
    4. south side – 96′
    It is good purchase and development point of view (i want to make row house / apartment on the same.
    Kindly advice.
    Hi Amar,
    It is a corner site and from the North side it is a gau mukh plot which is good. Go by your gut feeling.
    Admin

  26. indra says:

    I am planning to buy a site as below 30X40
    East – to west Road, North Facing main entrance
    East to west – front 30 ft
    East to west – back 30 ft
    north to south – on east side – 40 ft
    north to south – on west side – 44 ft
    can i buy this site and construct rectangular house.
    Please advice.
    Hi Indra,
    Though it is not a rectangular site, you can build a rectangular house on it.
    Admin

  27. Rajesh tiwari says:

    My plot shape is front 67″ft, back 20″ft, right 55″ft and left 86″ft.
    Plz suggest about d land it is good or not.. I have come to know that dis type of land is called bakhmuki n it is not good for residencial purpose. Plz suggest.
    Hi Rajesh,
    This site has odd dimesnions but the difference between them is too much. As a result the effective usable area for a rectangular house will be quite small. That is why it is not considered good. But if you get in touch with a good architect, he can design a house exploiting the site to its best.
    Admin

  28. Rajeev says:

    Need your advise, plot facing north east front is 70.6 ft and back is 59.04 feet, sides are 126.37 on south side and 127.32 ft on north side. the house is slight L shape 49.9 ft front and 44.9 at back.What would your kind advise be?
    Best regards.
    Rajeev
    Hi Rajeev,
    Grow some shrubs in such a way that the plot appears to be a regular rectangle.
    Admin

  29. neha says:

    Can we construct a home on a shermukhi plot ?? Can u plz suggest something to rectify it?
    Hi Neha,
    You can. Shermukhi plot is not bad, in fact it is ideal for commercial building as it has more frontage whereas a gau mukhi plot has a narrow mouth and hence provides more privacy to the residents. All this made sense in olden days when plots were huge. But in todays scenario, where the sites are very small, a wider frontage is better as you can derive more light and ventilation from the front. bUt grow some hedges to make the plot seem rectangular
    Admin

  30. Santosh says:

    My plot dimensions, north facing
    Road on north side and other three sides are building. East 53 ‘ , west 56 ‘ , north 30’ and south 32. Extended on south west side. How is the plot for construction . Should I make rectangular plot by leaving south west side . Please suggest . Thanks
    Hi Santosh,
    Though it is extended in the SW, you can look at the positive, it is a gau-mukhi site which is good. You should build a rectangular house within it and build a small wall or grow hedges to make the site appear rectangular.
    Admin

  31. Kanika says:

    Sir, I recently shifted into a rented apartment which has a main door entry towards north east. But it also has a north east portion and south east portion cut. I read about the cuts being highly inauspicious later and am now worried about the prospects. Looking at your scientific explanations gives little relief but many sites list a number of health issues or loss in prosperity which could result from staying in such a house.
    Kindly advise what you think should be done when staying in such a house.
    Hi Kanika,
    I thought my site got a new convert! But alas you are still allowing the superstition to affect you. Instead, stop reading all the superstitious sites and go by your gut feeling. If you feel you are increasingly getting upset with the present house, then shift out.
    Admin

  32. Farheen says:

    Hi Admin,
    I’m planning to purchase North facing lot
    North 41.09
    South 54.44
    East 161.60
    West 161.40
    The back of the lot which is south is wider than the front
    Could you please advise,What do you think about the lot?
    Hi Farheen,
    It is a good site according to vastu.
    Admin

  33. Bikshy says:

    M planning to build a house in plot whuch is irregular in shape with North-42’10” East-43’3″ South-25’7″ sw-16’5″ and west-32’6″. It is good to build or do we have remedies for vaastu o this land.
    Hi Bikshy,
    It is irregular but you can definitely build a regular rectangular building.
    Admin

  34. Gopinath Kannan says:

    Hi,

    I have a south facing property with the below dimensions, It is also road hit on South-East, Please suggest
    East to West on Northern side : 39.75
    East to West on Southern side : 40.00
    North to South on Eastern side 62.50
    North to South on Western side 62.75
    Hi Gopinath,
    The differences in dimensions are too small to make a difference. On the SE side, where the spearing road hits the site, have a tall compound wall.
    Admin

  35. Madhusudan says:

    I want to purchase a site which is West facing
    North :40′
    South:44′
    West:30′
    East:31′
    Request your opinion on this south east extended plot,
    However I may construct only within
    30’* 40′
    Thanks in advance,
    Madhusudan
    Hi Madhusudan,
    A SE extension is acceptable by some experts though it is not considered ideal. But since you are constructing within the 30×40′ rectangle, according to me, it is okay.
    Admin

  36. Murugan says:

    Hi,
    First of all good information – thanks. I’m planning to buy 2 adjacent plots, there are two options available – both the options have a projection, please help me in deciding on one or let me know if i want to reject both if it is not at all good
    Option 1:
    Site 1 – South and East facing – Corner site (cut on South east)
    South – 52.6 (Due to the cut)
    East – 25 (Due to the cut)
    North – 55
    West – 35
    Site 2 – East facing – adjacent to the above
    South – 55
    East – 30
    North – 53
    West – 30

    Option 2:
    Site 1 – North facing
    North – 35
    West – 56.6
    South – 35
    East – 53.6
    Site 2 – adjacent to the above
    North – 35
    West – 59.6
    South – 35
    East – 56.6
    Which option would be good, i read that SW projection is bad when compared with all other projections,so confused. I will build a compound wall / fence which will be in rectangular shape. My thinking was to go with option 1 since it has a 40 ft road and being a corner gives me two entrances which suits my long term purpose of building houses for rent. Please advice.
    Hi Murugan,
    Like you say, the first option seems to be better, it being a corner site. Moreover by building compound wall to create a rectangular shaped site, the negative effect will be negated. But the final decision is yours. Go by your instinct.
    Admin

  37. Venkata Udaya Bhaskara Rao, Ungarala says:

    Present house is west facting. Now I want to sell this house and buy new house or flat. which direction to the present house is preferred to buy? My birth star is Sravanam and Raasi is Makaram. Kindly suggest..
    Hi Venkata Bhaskara,
    I do not know what is best according to your star….I do not deal with that kind of vastu advice. However, a North or East facing house is the most preferable.
    Admin

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