Vastu Guidelines For Trees And Plants | An Architect Explains

One enters the house compound through the Main Gate. Usually if space is available, people like to have a small garden in the front as well as at the back of the Site. Vastu Shastra lays down guidelines on all aspects of house designing, including the planting of auspicious trees and plants around the house.  

As Vastu is a science, there is logical, scientific explanation for every guideline. As an Architect, I have attempted to explain these guidelines rationally and scientifically, so that you can decide what you want to follow or don’t.

Some of the auspicious trees according to Vastu, that are good for the inmates are described below along with their usefulness:
PEEPAL TREE – It is also known as the Aswatha tree. Scientists have found that oxygen is produced in large amounts by the leaves of this tree and it is found in high concentration under the branches, probably due to the thick foliage. Hence it is considered very healthy to circumambulate this tree in the morning. Probably it is for this reason that it is considered a sacred tree and is worshiped in India. It is usually found near temples or temples are erected near Peepal trees. It has a very long life and can survive for centuries. It is prohibited from being cut. However, it is not suitable near a house, since it has far spreading roots which can affect the foundation of the building.
NEEM TREE – This tree has great medicinal value and its extract is used in pesticides. Neem leaf is used for curing many diseases like leprosy, eye disorders, intestinal worms, skin ulcers, diseases of the heart and blood vessels, gum disease (gingivitis), and liver problems. Its twigs are used to brush teeth and neem oil is used in physiotherapy. Since neem leaves are very bitter, a mixture of neem leaves, tender green mango and jaggery is eaten on Ugadi or the New Year in South India, as a symbolic gesture, that one is prepared to face the sweet, sour and bitter experiences of the coming year with equanimity. Therefore, this is a good tree to have in a house garden.

MANGO TREE – Most parts of the mango tree have medicinal value. It’s leaves are used as a pesticide, and its twigs are used for brushing teeth. The tender leaves of the mango tree contain tannins called anthocyanidins, which help in treating early diabetes.  Its leaves are used for puja purposes. It is considered very auspicious if the dead are cremated using mango tree fire-wood. Then of course, mango fruit is the king among fruits and very tasty. The raw mangoes are used for making pickles and as a vegetable.  Mango trees also have a very long life and can survive for 400-500 years. Obviously, this is also a very useful tree to have in your garden.

JACK-FRUIT TREE – Jackfruit is an Ayurvedic tree used for the treatment of wounds, Bell’s palsy, improving the body strength, diarrhea, skin diseases and cases of poisoning. Like the ‘mango tree, the jack-fruit tree also produces very tasty, seasonal, fruit in large numbers. The yellow juicy kernels inside the jackfruit are used to make different types of sweets and halvas. The raw fruit kernels are cut into strips and made into tasty jackfruit chips, a speciality of Kerala. The Jack-fruit’s seeds are also nutritious and are used like a vegetable in South India. The beautiful yellow coloured wood from this tree is used to make furniture, doors, windows etc. Its leaves are considered auspicious and are used for puja. Therefore, it is useful and can be planted in your garden.

BANANA TREE – The tender saplings of the banana tree are used for decorating doors of houses, pandals etc, during functions and festivals as they are symbols of prosperity and wealth. . Almost every part of the plant has some sort of economic or medicinal use. Bananas are available through the year and are very nutritious. Banana fruit is the best source for instant energy and are rich in potassium. Raw bananas are cooked and eaten like a vegetable. Banana leaves are used for eating traditional meals as they can be used and thrown and so are considered hygienic. The skin of the fruit is used in dyeing. The sap contains tannin and is used as marking ink.  From the dried leaf stalks, fibres can be made and they can form a sound kind of string and are also used for tying fences, etc. A lot of illnesses can be treated with concoctions made from the roots, stem, flowers, and leaves of the tree. As far as usefulness is concerned, only one other plant can compete with the `Banana Tree` and that is the coconut. So this is  a must-have in your garden.

COCONUT TREE – Every part of this tree is useful. The tender coconut water is a very healthy, cool, low fat drink. The coconut flesh is used in South Indian cooking in large amounts and gives it a distinctive flavour. The oil extracted from coconut is used in cooking as well as a hair oil. Coir is a very useful by-product which is used in making mats, carpets etc. The leaves of the coconut tree are weaved and used as roofing for huts by the poor. Its dry leaves are also used as fire-wood. It has a long life of about 100-150 years and is prohibited from being cut. Due to its usefulness it is considered a sacred tree. Hence it is considered a must, in every one’s garden.

SANDAL WOOD TREE-  Sandalwood is the second most expensive wood in the world, after African blackwood. Both the wood and the oil produce a distinctive fragrance that has been highly valued for centuries. The wood is used to make exquisite handicrafts. Sandalwood paste when applied on the forehead, cools the head, and so is used in temples and in hot places like Kerala. The sandalwood is used to make incence sticks. It is very rare to find sandalwood trees and hence there have been so many instances of robbers cutting down trees in the middle of the night, if found in any house compound. If you like this fragrant tre, it is a good idea to try and grow one- but you may need to secure it!

Smaller shrubs– may be planted on the East or North sides, but no trees should be planted in the North-East corner as they block the useful morning sun rays.

Tall trees– like Coconut can be planted in the South-West, West sides but should should not be too close to a building as they block the sunlight completely. A tree should be planted such that it’s shadow should not fall on the house, at least between 9.A.M to 3P.M.

Large trees– like Peepal, Banyan should not be located too near the house as their roots can damage the foundation and compound wall. Also, the large trees absorb most of the sunlight, meaning these positive rays will not be received by the building.

Good trees– that can be planted in a house compound are useful trees like coconut, neem, betel, sandalwood, lemon, pineapple, bilva, almond, jackfruit, pomegranate, mango, amla, and katha.

Avoid flowering trees in gardens: Reason – They shed leaves during the summer.

Trees with insects, worms, honey bees, bumble bee, owls, serpents, should be avoided for obvious reasons.

If a tree must be removed because it is inauspicious or for other reasons, the day before cutting the tree, one should express regret to the tree, and it must be removed from its rooting. A new tree should be planted in its place within the next three months. This is a way of conserving nature.

Thulsi is a sacred plant and used in daily worship

TULASI (BASIL) – It is also known as holy Basil and it is always good to grow a Tulasi plant on one’s property. Tulasi should be located on the North, North-East, or East sides of the house, or in front of the house. Tulasi is a medicinal plant and is used extensively in Ayurvedic medicines. It purifies the blood and improves the digestive system. It is believed to be useful in treating many types of diseases. Hence it is recommended to eat a few leaves every day. Its probably for this reason, that it is considered a sacred plant and used in daily worship.

JASMINE – In general, plants with sweet smelling flowers like jasmine, red lotus, blue lotus etc are good in the house compound as they give out a pleasant perfume, and can also be used in daily worship. Flowers like the Jasmine are stringed together and used as a decoration on the hair by Indian ladies. Moreover, as these flowers are produced round the year, they are always available.

Jasmine flowers are used to string garlands and for pooja

THORNY PLANTS – Thorny plants should not be planted near the house. Cactus should not be planted at all. Thorny plants other than roses have a negative energy. Ideally all thorny plants should be pulled up and destroyed. The reason could be that the thorns can hurt you when you brush past them.

CREEPERS – Creepers or other plants should not be grown using the building or compound wall as a support as their clingers will  slowly creep into tiny cracks in the walls and gradually widen them as they grow, causing damage and seeepage of water through the walls. Creepers should only be grown in a garden, and they should have their own independent supports. A creeper like a money plant can be grown within the house  but should not be grown outside, using a tree for support.

FLOWER POTS – Flower pots should not be kept on the  compound wall  in the North, East or North-East as they will block the useful morning sunlight coming in from these directions. Flower pots and decorative plants can be placed on the ground in these directions, but they should  not grow taller than 3 feet.

LAWNS AND WATER BODIES– Lawns should be in the East or the North.  A small water-fall of three to four feet or a water body  can  be constructed in the East or the North leaving the North-East corner. If there is a swimming pool in the garden, it should be in  the North or North-East direction, so that the people using the pool benefit from the sun rays and also, the water will get purified by the  U.V rays of the Sunlight.

BENCHES – Benches are useful in big gardens and can be placed in the open space in the East and the North direction so that people sitting in these directions, can benefit from the useful sun rays.

This post was about the Vastu guidelines regarding the useful trees and plants that can be planted in a House garden. One passes through the front garden to reach the front Verandah and it is adjacent to the Car Porch. Read about the Vastu guidelines for these spaces, here:

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210 thoughts on “Vastu Guidelines For Trees And Plants | An Architect Explains

  • September 3, 2017 at 2:20 pm

    Dear sir,
    The information you provided is much helpful.
    My house faces north. There is a road inffro t of my house
    After the road there is a compound wall of others.
    Can I plant trees like mango , prepay, neem, pomogranate ets between their compound wall and the road.
    These trees may appear to be infront of my gate but there is a road in between
    Kindly suggest if it is OK
    Thank you very much.
    Hi Vijayalakshmi,
    You can do whatever you want within your property. But outside your property, you have no control. Even if there is no objection the plants that you plant can be felled or removed.

  • September 4, 2017 at 6:03 am

    My house is facing nort side. Which side I can plant mango tree? I have space in east and north side space, is it good for planting mango tree?
    Hi Shazz,
    Plant th mango tree in a spot where it does not cut off the sunlight entering your house.

  • September 9, 2017 at 10:50 pm

    Whether growing pomegranate tree is good in front of home..which location is good for growing that neighbour said its not growing in front of home and advised to plant at back side of home..
    Hi Priya,
    Pomegranate is a useful plant. But it is always best to grow fruit trees in the backyard.

  • October 6, 2017 at 3:33 am

    Hi sir
    Small lemon tree if planted in pots and kept near the home is considered auspicious or not ?
    Hi Mahesh,
    Any plant/tree that is useful is considered auspicious.

  • October 8, 2017 at 8:44 am

    My house is in the face of north.. I have planted a jack fruit tree in the north east side…. It is gainful fr my house.
    Hi Kanhaiya,
    A tre in the NE is not ideal as it can affect the sunlight coming to the house. But if you feel it does not affect the light much, leave it as it is since it is a useful tree.

  • October 12, 2017 at 10:58 am

    We have a three year old dates tree in the north east part of the ishaan kone facing house.Although it looks good but it’s leaves are having spike shaped horns, Should we cut it and plant other tree as it is inside the house and near the entry gate.
    Praveen Bhargava
    Hi Praveen,
    A tree in the NE should actually be avoided as it can cut off the sunlight to the house. So efore you cut down the existing tree to replace it with another tree, give it a thought. If you feel the light to the house is not getting affected, then leave it as it is.

  • November 29, 2017 at 2:47 am

    One Gulmohor tree was planted at NE corner of our house one year ago, now some people are advising it is not good as per vastu.
    I want to know : Is it true ?
    Hi Prabhat Kumar,
    A spreading tree like a Gulmohar in the NE blocks off the useful morning sunlight. BUt if you feel it is not affecting the sunlight much, then there is no need to remove it.

  • December 11, 2017 at 6:26 am

    Hi sir,
    in my plot their is an coconut tree , which occupies more space ,
    so is it fine , if i remove tree from site?
    is any bad factors which will affect me after removing it?
    please suggest.
    Hi Narendra,
    You should get it removed by a specialist.

  • December 19, 2017 at 3:42 am


    Nice to read about plant in house and there use, you have replied so many peoples too. I have one question on my house backyard i have planted one pomegranate plant three years back, who ever visited in house and saw that plant advice us to remove it, as per them Pomegranate is not good for house owner’s.
    Please do suggest us what to do, or what is correct. Plant is in South side.
    Akhil P Gupta
    Hi Akhil,
    Pomegrante is a useful plant, so it is okay to have it in the garden. Maybe because it has thorns, people have discouraged you from keeping it.

  • January 1, 2018 at 3:31 pm

    Growing Parijat tree in garden is attracting snakes?
    Hi Veeresha,
    I am not aware of the parijat tree attracting snakes. I have heard that snakes are drawn to sandal wood trees, but even that I am not sure.

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