Bathroom is a broad term used to describe a room where one takes bath, uses the WC and uses the Wash basin for brushing teeth and washing face. In ancient times, when there was no water supply through pipes and no drainage and sewage pipeline system, people used the open spaces for daily ablutions and bathrooms meant for only bathing were located near the water source. However today with the availability of water through taps and the underground sewage-line system, we can afford to have Bathrooms (also known as Toilets) as a part of the house, with the basic fixtures – W.C., wash basin and bath shower/bathtub – all combined in one room.
To ensure that the flow of cosmic energy through the house is not affected by the improper positioning of bathrooms, Vastu Shastra lays down guidelines on their positions, the positions of the fixtures, doors, windows etc. Here, I have explained the Vastu Guidelines for Bathrooms. Since Vastu is a science, every guideline is based on logic and reasoning. As an Architect, I have attempted to explain these guidelines rationally and scientifically, so that you can decide what you want to follow and what you don’t, instead of following them like a superstition.
The Bathroom should be in the North-West or West: If it is attached to the Bedroom, it should preferably be to the North-West side of the room.The Scientific Reasoning – In India the infra-red rays of the Sun get projected on the West side and so the West side is hotter, especially in the evenings. Therefore, Bathrooms placed in the West and North-West help to block the western sun radiation to other parts of the house, keeping them relatively cool. In addition, the hot west sun rays help to dry up the Bathrooms faster. Also, by keeping the Bathrooms in the West side, far away from the North-East corner, where in olden times the open well or water source was preferred, the percolation of waste water into the water source during the monsoon season when the ground water table rises,was prevented.
The second option for the location of the Bathroom, is the South-East:The Scientific Reasoning– Since most people use the Bathroom in the mornings, the beneficial sun rays coming from the East side will be useful to the user.
Avoid the Bathroom in the North-East and the Centre of the house: The Scientific Reasoning – In earlier times when the major drinking water sources were open wells, tanks etc, there was the need to purify the water by the UV rays of the morning sunlight and so the North-East corner was preferred for water sources. Therefore, the Bathrooms were to be kept far away from the North-East, so that the the percolation of waste water into the water sources during the monsoon season when the ground water table rises, could be avoided.
The Bathroom floor should be higher than ground level:The Scientific Reasoning – For the proper draining out of the waste water from the Bathroom, it is obvious that the Bathroom level should be higher than the ground level.
Avoid marble flooring in the Bathroom: The Scientific Reasoning – Marble is extremely slippery when wet and hence should be definitely avoided in Bathroom floors.
The wash basin, bathtub and shower can be in the North-East, North or East of the Bathroom:The Scientific Reasoning – In earlier times, the water for washing and bathing was stored near or directly above the Bathrooms, as there was no elaborate plumbing system wherein water was distributed throughout the house from just one water tank. Hence, it was preferable to have this water source in the North-East side where the sun’s beneficial UV rays could purify the water.
The WC (commode) can be in the West, South or South-West of the Bathroom: The Scientific Reasoning – The WC was placed away from the bathing area so that it does not pollute the water stored for bathing purposes.
The WC should be oriented facing North or South: But not in the E-W direction.The Scientific Reasoning -In earlier times, when people sat in the open for the daily ablutions, it was necessary to shade their face from the Sun and hence the E-W direction was avoided. Also it might have been out of a sense of respect to the Sunrise and Sunset, since the Sun was considered the major energy source.
The head position in the Bathtub should be towards South: The Scientific Reasoning – The human body acts like a magnet with the head as the North Pole. So lying down with the head in the North direction, will cause the two North poles to repel each other and hence cause a feeling of restlessness .
The mirror can be on the North or East walls: The Scientific Reasoning – If the mirrors are placed on the North and East walls, then the constant light from the North and the morning sunlight from the East will fall on our faces as we look into the mirror, thus enabling us to see ourselves better.
A large window can be in the North and a smaller ventilator in the East or West: The Scientific Reasoning – The small window either in the East or the West will allow the sunrays to dry up the bathroom quickly, while the bigger window in the North will allow constant light into the Bathroom. Also, by having 2 windows on adjacent walls, cross-ventilation is allowed which ensures that fresh air replaces the humid air.
The door can be in the East or North-East: The Scientific Reasoning – The door should be located away from the commode to prevent it from hitting the WC and obstructing the space near it.
The Colour of the Bathroom walls: Can be according to one’s choice but it is preferable to havelight shades. Avoid red and black color. The Scientific Reasoning – Light shades brigten up a space and make it appear larger. One may not notice any dangerous insects or animals that can enter the Bathroom through the floor traps, if dark colours like black and red are used. Also, the dirty floor corners may go unnoticed, if dark colours are used.
This post was about the Vastu guidelines for the design of a Bathroom. The Bathroom is accessed from the Bedroom. Read the Vastu guidelines for the design of this space here:
The Vastu Guidelines are very similar to the guidelines used by modern Architects in designing a house. To read about an Architect’s guidelines on the Design of a Bathroom, go to:
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