Designing A Bedroom | An Architect Explains

A Bedroom is primarily used for Sleeping, Resting, Convalescing, Dressing/Undressing, Storing Clothes, Personal Care etc which means it has to be a very private space away from the rooms meant for entertaining guests. A Bedroom is also used for other activities like Reading, Writing, Studying, Working, Watching TV, Listening to music, Caring for Infants, Sewing, Telephoning, Drawing/Painting, Doing Exercise, Hobbies, Storing bulk/seasonal items and should have calm and peace. Therefore in designing a Bedroom, one has to know some planning considerations:

A Bedroom should be a room for relaxation and peace
  • The number of occupants of the bedroom – whether Single Occupancy or Double Occupancy.
  • The age of the occupants – whether a Master Bedroom, Children’s Bedroom or a Guest Bedroom.
  • Size and type of Furniture.
  • Space allowance for Furniture.
  • Clearance and space around the Furniture for movement.
  • Storage space for clothes, dressing etc


The Typical pieces of furniture in a Bedroom and their sizes are listed below. The sizes of furniture may vary a little but does not affect the overall size of the Bedroom.There are several types of beds depending on the number of people sharing them:

  1. Single Bed – 3’0″ x 6’10” (Cramped for an adult but suitable for a child)
  2. Twin Bed – 3’3″ x 6’10” or 3’4″ x 7’0″ ( Okay for an adult)
  3. Double Bed – 4’6″ x 6’10” or 4’6″ x 7’0″ (Cramped for 2 adults, but okay for 2 children)
  4. Queen Size- 5’0″ x 6’10” or 5’0″ x 7’0″ (Cramped for 2 adults but okay for an adult and a child)
  5. King Size Bed – 6’6″ x 6’10” or 6’6″ x 7’0″ (Comfortable for 2 adults)
  6. Crib – 2’0″ x 4’6″ or 2’8″ x 5’0″
  7. Bunk Bed – 2’8″ x 6’3″ (Suitable for 2 children)
  8. Dressing Table – 1’3″ x 3’0″, 1’6″ x 3’6″, 2’0″ x 4’0″ etc.
  9. Dresser or Chest of Drawers – 1’6″ x 3’0″, 1’10” x 4’0″
  10. Bedside Table – 1’2″ x 1’2″, 1’6″ x 1’6″, 2’0″ x 2’0″
  11. Desk – 1’6″ x 3’4″, 1’8″ x 3’6″
  12. Chair – 1’6″ x 1’6″
  13. Boudoir Chair – 2’6″ x 3’0″
  14. Chaise Lounge – 2’0″ x 4’0″, 2’4″ x 5’0″ etc.
  15. Closet  or  Wardrobe Each shutter size is about 1’6″ x 2′ depth x 7’0″ height. A 2 shutter Wardrobe is the minimum in a single occupancy bedroom and a 4 shutter or 6 shutter closet is necessary in a double occupancy Bedroom.
Typical pieces of furniture in a Bedroom
To ensure adequate space for movement and the convenient use of furniture in the Bedroom, the following minimum clearances must be observed:
  • Between the wall and the furniture – 2″.
  • Between furniture units – 3″.
  • Between the foot of the bed and the dressing table/ dresser for dressing – 3’6″.
  • In front of Closet, Dresser/Chest of Drawers to open and use them – 3’0″.
  • On one side of bed to allow for movement and making bed – 2’0″.
  • On the least used side of the bed for making the bed – 1’0″. However, in case of single beds, they can be placed against the wall on the least used side.
  • For movement from the door through the room – 2’6″.
  • Turning diameter for a wheelchair – 5’0″.
Clearances between the furniture in a Bedroom

The bedroom being a space used for rest, relaxation, reading, writing, working, listening to music, convalescing, sleeping, phoning etc., it needs to have privacy, quiet and peace. It should be well lit and airy and preferably near some green garden etc as the oxygen released by plants is rejuvenating for the occupants. Keeping all this in mind, the location of the Bedroom depends on the Cardinal directions, and the layout of the rest of the house. To get some tips on the best location for Bedrooms, go to:

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5 thoughts on “Designing A Bedroom | An Architect Explains

  • April 20, 2009 at 9:27 am

    Hello, I was looking for information on bunk beds, and find your post, this very interesting and I hope to provide more information on the subject
    Hi Emily,
    I have written some posts on Bed types for your information.

  • March 25, 2010 at 2:37 pm

    I found your blog on google while looking for furniture and your post looks very interesting to me.

  • February 6, 2011 at 6:36 am

    It actually helps me a lot,as I m a budding architect.
    Hi Tejaswini,
    Thank you for the appreciation. I’m glad it is useful to you.

  • December 10, 2011 at 11:58 am

    Hello Sir,
    This article is very helpful and Need an info. I Booked an apartment in 4th floor. Main Entrance is North Facing. Master Bedroom is in South West Corner. In that Master Bedroom, 3 doors are there(Bedroom Entrance, Bathroom attached and a Balcony Door). The Question is should we have 3 doors in this Bedroom?
    Thanks in advance!
    Kind Regards,
    Hi Devi,
    Obviously to access the bedroom and from there, the balcony and the toilet, you will need to have 3 doors. There is nothing wrong with that.

  • August 23, 2016 at 2:47 am

    my bedroom is in the north east portion of the house. what can I do as vastu remedy?
    thanks in advance
    Hi Shrabani,
    Use some other bedroom as the master bedroom and use the NE bedroom as the children’s or guest bedrom.

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