Centre stringer stairs also called mono-stringer stairs utilize a central stringer (structural element) to support the treads. The stringer is generally not very apparent as it is located centrally, underneath the treads. However, in some cases, like in open, curved/spiral stairs, it is visible. Then it is treated like a design element without aesthetically overwhelming the other staircase elements.
Using different materials, you can create different types of Centre stringer stairs which create different impressions. The advantage of centre-stringer stairs is that they promote a sense of lightness and openness. To help you decide the centre-stringer staircase that best suits your requirement, as an Architect I have described different types here:
HOW IS A CENTRE-STRINGER STAIRCASE FIXED?
When compared to traditional closed or enclosed stairs, mono-stringers require the use of relatively stronger materials in order to single-handedly support the treads. In fact, the design of centre-stringer stairs is one of the more expensive construction methods and should be done in consultation with a structural engineer.
WHAT MATERIALS ARE USED FOR THE TREADS AND STRINGER IN MONO-STRINGER STAIRS?
A cheaper option is to have the stringer and tread supports made of rectangular steel or aluminum tube sections, cast-in-shop and fitted with wooden treads as shown here below.
An even cheaper option is to use steel T-sections for the stringer and tread supports as seen in the picture below. Treads made of wood or glass or stone can be placed on the T-Sections.
Metal stringers are common but metal treads are not that popular due to the fact they are too smooth and get worn out over time. But they are strong and can tolerate external atmospheric elements. Hence, roughened metal staircases like the one shown here are popular in industrial applications and as fire escape stairs outside buildings.
Stone treads like Marble, granite and corian are the next preferred option after wood. But they should be made of thick sections otherwise they may break or sag at the ends.
Here is an example of wooden treads supported on a central concrete stringer. Due to the heavy concrete stringer, a glass balustrade has been used to make the staircase appear light.
To admit light into a space through the multiple levels, the best option is a glass staircase or a staircase with glass balustrrade like the one shown here.
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