BATHROOM FIXTURES | An Architect Explains

A bathroom is defined as a room for personal hygiene, generally containing a bathtub or a shower. In the past, homes usually had separate bathrooms and toilets (WC). But nowadays, most homes have (ensuite) bathrooms which are attached to the bedrooms, and contain the three basic fixtures for personal hygiene – the wash basin, the toilet (WC) and the shower/bathtub. Other fixtures like bidet, dressing cabinet, storage shelves, etc may also be present.


As an Architect, I have realised that many of my clients and even some of the contractors are unaware that the bathroom fixtures and fittings should be installed at certain standard heights and positions. If they are not placed correctly, then they may be uncomfortable for the users.  You can read more about them in these posts:

You may also like to read about:


In designing a Bathroom, you have to keep in mind some planning considerations, then consider the type of bathroom (powder room, 3-fixture bathroom or family bathroom). All of this has been explained in the links given below.


As an Architect, practising in Bangalore, India I have given some tips and ideas for Bathrooms to make them comfortable and not cramped by using every inch wisely.


The ancient Indian science, Vastu Shastra  lays down guidelines on the ideal location and design of Bathrooms. In case you want to refer to the Vastu Shastra guidelines for the design of Bathrooms, you can read about it here.

For a concise reference guide for your Bathroom, please refer to the posts on my blog: House Construction in India

For a concise Vastu guide and Vastu evaluation of your Bathroom, refer to the following post. This will help you decide whether you want to make some changes and corrections in your house:

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2 thoughts on “BATHROOM FIXTURES | An Architect Explains

  • November 10, 2014 at 5:47 am

    It was a great reading on Sincerely appreciate the details mentioned there. I would like to request, if you can kindly let me know what is your recommended position of a tap on the shower panel (i.e. height from floor).
    Regards, Amit
    Hi Amit,
    The tap should be at a minimum height of 2’6″ from the floor and the control for the tap can be at 3’6″ from the floor upto a maximum of 4’6″. It’s your preference.


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