A borewell or tubewell is a vertical drilled well, bored into an underground aquifer in the earth’s surface, to extract water for various purposes. Casing to support the external surfaces of the borehole against collapse is provided at certain depths, and usually is made up of PVC pipes. Electrical pumps are used to pump out the water from the borewells.
In cities, due to the unreliable municipal water supply, most homeowners are looking at alternative sources of water like borewells. The convenience and ease of digging a borewell and the availability of pumps has increased the popularity of borewells. Also during the construction of the house or building, a lot of water is required for the different construction operations like concreting, curing, plastering and for the daily use by the workers who reside at the site. This means a regular supply of water should be provided at site. Since a water connection to a house or building can be taken only after the building is complete, it makes sense to dig a borewell before the start of construction.
Water is one of the five elements (Panchabhutaas) and it acts as a huge energy generator. All living things are composed of water and it is essential for life. Therefore, water has a very powerful influence on Vaastu. Any water feature on a property will bring either strong positive or strong negative results to the inhabitants depending on it’s position. So it is crucial to follow the Vaastu guidelines for water. To know more about these tips, read on…
Listed here, are some of the Vastu Guidelines for the digging of a Borewell. Since Vastu Shastra is a science, every guideline is based on logic and reasoning. As an Architect, I have attempted to explain each of these guidelines rationally and scientifically under the following headings, so that you have a choice and can decide what you want to follow or don’t instead of looking at Vastu as a superstition:
What are the common sources of water in a house?
Why is it necessary to dig a well/borewell before the start of construction?
What is the best Vastu location for a well/borewell?
Which locations should be avoided in digging a well/borewell?
What are the Vastu guidelines for the shape of the well?
What are the other Vastu guidelines regarding wells and borewells?
WHAT ARE THE COMMON SOURCES OF WATER IN A HOUSE?
The most common Water sources in a Site are the Open Well, the Borewell (Drilled Well) and the Municipal Water supply. The well water is drawn by a pump or can be drawn up using containers, such as buckets, that are raised mechanically or by hand.
Open Well: is an excavation in the ground created by digging to access the groundwater which is naturally stored below the ground as a result of the seeping in of rainwater. This water is more likely to be polluted as it is near the Earth’s surface.
Borewell (Drilled Well): is much deeper and water is got by driving, boring or drilling through rock to an aquifer below. This water is most likely to be uncontaminated as it is sandwiched between rocks deep below the Earth.
ACCORDING TO VASTU SHATRA, WHY IS IT NECESSARY TO DIG A WELL/ BORE WELL BEFORE THE START OF CONSTRUCTION?
First step before the start of house construction is to dig a Well so that the water can be used for the Construction. The Reasoning – Even if there is municipal water supply, it is better if the Owner has another source of water as a backup, because nowadays there is acute shortage of water. Moreover, since municipal water supply connection is given only after the completion of the building, it makes sense to have a constant source of water for the construction from your own Well or Borewell instead of buying water for the Construction. So this should be the first priority.
If it is not possible to get water by digging a Well, or if there is the likelihood that an open Well will get polluted, then a Borewell can be drilled after consulting an expert and a water diviner, and only if there is good yield of water. The Logic – Since there is water under rocks which has accumulated by percolation of rain water, it can be tapped into by digging a borewell. Digging a Borewell is an expensive affair and if a person can afford it, I as an Architect, would definitely recommend it since he will use that much less of the Municipal water, which can in turn be useful for another person who may not be able to afford digging a Borewell.
The well should be dug after the bhoomi pooja has been performed on the site, at an astrologically auspicious time. The digging should start within three hours of the sunrise. The well shouldn’t be dug during dusk. The Reasoning – Psychologically the Owner will feel the Well/Borewell will yield good amount of water if the digging is done at an auspicious time and day. It is ideal that the digging of a Well/Borewell be completed within a day as it can be fenced off or in case of a Borewell, covered with a stump to prevent anyone from falling in. For this it is better to start the digging early and it is better to avoid digging at night as one cannot see clearly.
WHAT IS THE BEST LOCATION FOR A WELL/ BOREWELL/WATER SOURCE, ACCORDING TO VASTU?
First option for a well is the North-East. The Reasoning – It is practical to have the Water Source/Well in the North-East corner which is anyway to be left open as per Vastu to enable the morning sunrays to enter the house. Moreover, the morning Sun’s rays will purify the well water and kill the germs.
Second option for the Well is the North or the East sides: The Reasoning – It is practical to have a Water source in the East or North sides, since these sides are anyway supposed to be left open according to Vastu to allow the morning Eastern sunlight and the constant Northern sunlight.
A well or bore well should not be dug on the diagonal line proceeding from the North-Eastern corner of a house to the South-Western tip of the plot. It should be located either to the right or to the left of this line. The Reasoning –
WHICH LOCATIONS SHOULD BE AVOIDED IN DIGGING A WELL/BOREWELL?
Avoid a Well in the South, South-West or North-West: The Reasoning – The South, South-West and North-West corners are built up to prevent the Sun’s evening radiation from entering and heating up the rest of the house. Hence there is very little open space for a Well or even a Borewell, (which may have to be opened for maintenance and repair of the pump) in these directions.
Avoid a Well in the middle of the Site: The Reasoning – It is very difficult to design a house around a Well/Borewell which is located in the middle of the Site, as open space will have to be provided all around the Well for maintenance and cleaning work.
Avoid a well and pump house very close to the compound walls: The Reasoning – Space all around the Well/Borewell is required for accessing it, cleaning, maintenance and any repair work. So it is better to keep them away from the boundaries.
Avoid a Well touching the House walls: The Reasoning – Space around the House is to be kept for movement and space around the Well/Borewell is required for cleaning, maintenance and any repair work.
Avoid sharing of well between two properties: The Reasoning – In some cases, brothers or close friends of 2 adjoining Sites decide to dig a Well/Borewell on the common boundary, so that they can share the cost and the water. But in reality, it will only lead to problems and differences between them, because of the amount of water used. Moreover, the Well may be in the right position of one plot, namely the North-East zone but will be in the wrong position of the adjoining plot, that is the North-West or South-East zone and that inmate may feel he compromised.
WHAT ARE THE VASTU GUIDELINES REGARDING THE SHAPE OF THE WELL OR BOREWELL?
The Well should have a circular cross-section. The shape of the well can be a square below the ground, but it should only be round on the surface: The Reasoning – When digging a deep Well, there is less chance of the earth collapsing into the hole, if the excavation is circular in shape. This is because the groundwater pressure at any point along the circumference of the well is radial and hence a circular shape is more resistant to compression stresses. Also, if it is a square, one of the four angles will cause a thrust to the house.
The shape of the platform of the well should be less elevated than the plinth level of the house and ground level of the area in Southwest. The platform should not touch the Eastern or Northern compound walls. The Scientific Reason: This is so that the useful morning light into the house is not blocked by the well platform.
WHAT ARE THE OTHER VASTU GUIDELINES FOR BOREWELLS/WELLS?
If a well or a bore well becomes dry or is in the wrong direction, it should be filled with earth, closed and covered. It is not sufficient to cover it with a cement slab or wooden slats. The Reasoning – A well or borewell is a sure-trap for death and that unused shaft can affect the underlying earth structure. Also, after many years people may forget that there was a well or borewell and that can be dangerous to future users.
Avoid trees around an open Well: The Reasoning – The decaying leaves will spoil the quality of the water.
Alum, limestone, gooseberry bark help to keep the water clear: The Reasoning – All these help to clarify Water as they have the property of attracting fine suspended debris in the Water, and then sinking to the bottom. Also they have anti-bacterial properties. But do not overuse them.
This post was about the Water Source, the Digging of Well/Borewell. Read about the next Step in Construction:
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- Vastu Shastra | Explained By An Architect
- Vastu Shastra | Principles For A House
- Vastu Shastra | Factors That Impact A House
- Vastu Guidelines | Designing A House
- Vastu Guidelines | Interiors Of A House
- Vastu Guidelines | Exteriors Of A House
- Vastu Guidelines | Selecting The Right Site
- Vastu Guidelines | Construction Of A House
- Vastu Guidelines | Rituals For A House
- Vastu Guidelines | Non-Residential Buildings
- Remedies For Vastu Defects