It is very important to have a Water source before the start of construction, since a lot of water is required during the building of the House. Moreover, the water source will be useful for the inmates after they move into the house.
Here, I have explained the Vastu Guidelines for digging a Well and the possible scientific reasons and logic on which they were based, so that you an decide what you want to follow and what you don’t.
WHAT ARE THE COMMON SOURCES OF WATER IN A HOUSE?
The most common Water sources in a Site are the Open Well, the Borewell (Drilled Well) and the Municipal Water supply. The well water is drawn by a pump or can be drawn up using containers, such as buckets, that are raised mechanically or by hand.
Open Well: is an excavation in the ground created by digging to access the groundwater which is natuarlly stored below the ground as a result of the seeping in of rainwater. This water is more likely to be polluted as it is near the Earth’s surface.
Borewell (Drilled Well): is much deeper and water is got by driving, boring or drilling through rock to an aquifer below. This water is most likely to be uncontaminated as it is sandwiched between rocks deep below the Earth.
If it is not possible to get water by digging a Well, or if there is the likelihood that an open Well will get polluted, then a Borewell can be drilled after consulting an expert and a water diviner, and only if there is good yield of water. The Logic - Since there is water under rocks which has accumulated by percolation of rain water, it can be tapped into by digging a borewell. Digging a Borewell is an expensive affair and if a person can afford it, I as an Architect, would definitely recommend it since he will use that much less of the Municipal water, which can in turn be useful for another person who may not be able to afford digging a Borewell.
First option for a well is the North-East. The Reasoning - It is practical to have the Water Source/Well in the North-East corner which is anyway to be left open as per Vastu to enable the morning sunrays to enter the house. Moreover, the morning Sun’s rays will purify the well water and kill the germs.Second option for the Well is the North or the East sides: The Reasoning - It is practical to have a Water source in the East or North sides, since these sides are anyway to be left open to allow the morning Eastern sunlight and the constant Northern sunlight.
Avoid a Well in the South, South-West or North-West: The Reasoning - The South, South-West and North-West corners are built up to prevent the Sun’s evening radiation from entering and heating up the rest of the house. Hence there is very little open space for a Well or even a Borewell, (which may have to be opened for maintenance and repair of the pump) in these directions.
Avoid a Well in the middle of the Site: The Reasoning - It is very difficult to design a house around a Well/Borewell which is located in the middle of the Site, as open space will have to be provided all around the Well for maintenance and cleaning work.
Avoid a well and pump house very close to the compound walls: The Reasoning - Space all around the Well/Borewell is required for cleaning, maintenance and any repair work. So it is better to keep them away from the boundaries.
Avoid a Well touching the House walls: The Reasoning – Space around the House is to be kept for movement and space around the Well/Borewell is required for cleaning, maintenance and any repair work.
Avoid sharing of well between two properties: The Reasoning - In some cases, brothers or close friends of 2 adjoining Sites decide to dig a Well/Borewell on the common boundary, so that they can share the cost and the water. But in reality, it will only lead to problems and differences between them, because of the amount of water used. Moreover, the Well may be in the right position of one plot, namely the North-East zone but will be in the wrong position of the adjoining plot, that is the North-West or South-East zone.
The Well should have a circular cross-section: The Reasoning - When digging a deep Well, there is less chance of the earth collapsing into the hole, if the excavation is circular in shape. This is because the groundwater pressure at any point along the circumference of the well is radial and hence a circular shape is more resistant to compression stresses.
The well should be dug after the bhoomi pooja has been performed on the site, at an astrologically auspicious time. The digging should start within three hours of the sunrise. The well shouldn’t be dug during dusk. The Reasoning - Psychologically the Owner will feel the Well/Borewell will yield good amount of water if the digging is done at an auspicious time and day. It is ideal that the digging of a Well/Borewell be completed within a day as it can be fenced off or in case of a Borewell, covered with a stump to prevent anyone from falling in. For this it is better to start the digging early and it is better to avoid digging at night as one cannot see clearly.
Avoid trees around an open Well: The Reasoning - The decaying leaves will spoil the water.
Alum, limestone, gooseberry bark help to keep the water clear: The Reasoning - All these help to clarify Water as they have the property of attracting fine suspended debris in the Water, and then sinking to the bottom. Also they have anti-bacterial properties.
This post was about the Water Source, the Digging of Well/Borewell. Read about the next Step in Construction: