The kitchen backyard is usually near the Kitchen. It is a perfect addition to any house – it improves the atmosphere completely.  It is an important part of the house, where herbs, vegetables and fruit trees are grown, a place for family members to sit outside and enjoy the outdoors.


In ancient times, cooking was done on open fires in the kitchen backyard just outside the Kitchen. Additionally, utensil washing, grinding and preparation of food was also done here. Hence Vastu guidelines for kitchen backyards are primarily based on the position of the Sun and the main wind directions.

Today, with the paucity of space in cities, it is rare to have a usable backyard. However, for people who can manage to have a kitchen backyard, Vastu lays down some guidelines which can improve the quality of plant fruits and vegetables and thereby improve the family’s health and well-being. In addition, it lays down guidelines for the planting of auspicious trees, plants

Here, I have explained the Vastu tips for a Kitchen Backyard. Since Vastu is a science, there is logic and reasoning behind every guideline. As an Architect, I have attempted to explain these guidelines rationally and scientifically, so that you can decide what you want to follow and what you don’t.



East or Northern sides of the plot are ideal for the Kitchen backyard: The Scientific reason – As much as possible, there should be open space on the North and East sides of the house, so that the constant sunlight from the North and the morning sunlight from the East, can engulf the house, brighten it and kill the germs and bacteria that would have multiplied during the night.

Keep the garden in the North or East parts of the site. Avoid them in the South or West sides

Avoid backyard in the Southern and Western sides of the plot: The Scientific reason – The infra red heat rays of the Sun are projected most to the South and West sides. Moreover, since the infra-red rays get reflected and re-reflected by the ground, the West side and the South side become much hotter in the evenings and remain hot even at night. Therefore avoiding open spaces in the South and West prevents the hot afternoon Sun from heating up the rest of the building.

In a West facing house, have a bigger backyard towards the East instead of a front garden in the West: The Scientific reason – It is preferable to have an open backyard in the East as the morning Sunlight can engulf the house. Furthermore, by avoiding open spaces in the South and West, the hot afternoon Sun is prevented from heating up the rest of the building.

In South facing house, ideally have a big backyard towards the North instead of any open space in the front  in the South. The Scientific reason – Same reason as above.



Have a balance of all the five elements (earth, water, fire, air and space) in the kitchen backyard for the plants to grow free from disease and stress. The disproportion of any one element-quality of the earth, quality of water, wind, sun, or the amount of space it is planted in will inhibit the growth of the plants: 

Scientific Reasoning –  There is an invisible and constant interaction between the elements on Earth. Consequently, in an open field these elements operate freely and are in equilibrium. However, when a structure or tree is placed in this field, it affects the equilibrium because these elements act for or against each other to create either harmony or disharmony. If there is disharmony, then  the equilibrium must be restored so that the cosmic energy flows harmoniously.

All the five elements need to be balanced in a Kitchen garden

You should remember that each area of your garden is associated with one of the five elements.


The South-West area of your garden is associated with the earth element which creates a sustaining and grounding force. Stabilise the South-West area of your garden with a rock garden, tall trees and even a stone statue. 

Scientific Reasoning –  Plant trees and tall shrubs in the South and West of the site to protect the inmates from the afternoon heat and to provide them with ample oxygen.


Use the water element in the North-East part of the kitchen backyard to allow the plants to flourish. Add a fountain or reflection pool or pond or swimming pool in this area to reflect this beneficial energy throughout the garden. Further have only low plants that will allow the flow of positive solar energy. 

Scientific Reasoning –  Avoid tall trees and plants in the North and East so as to allow an unhindered flow of useful morning light into the house.



Devote the South-East side of your garden to the fire element so that the plants will be disease free: You can place a fire pit here. Red is the colour of this  direction, so plant tulips, geraniums and dahlias here.

Scientific Reasoning – It is preferable to keep an open fire in the S-E corner or the N-W corner of the kitchen backyard, where the hot summer wind blowing from the S-W to the N-E direction cannot cause damage to the house or combustible building materials by carrying sparks.


Balance the air element in the North-West to encouraging cross-pollination: Use wind chimes. Since blue is the colour of this area, plant bluebells, forget-me-nots and iris to enhance the influences coming from this direction.

A well tended Kitchen garden has year-round visual appeal and regular yield

This post is about the Vastu guidelines for the design of a kitchen backyard. The kitchen garden is adjacent to the kitchen, the Store Room and sometimes the back Gate. Read the Vastu guidelines for the design of these spaces here:

For a concise Vastu guide on Kitchen Backyards, please refer to the post on my blog: House construction in India

If you want to make the rest of the rooms of your house/apartment Vastu compliant, then go to:

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3 thoughts on “SCIENTIFIC VASTU FOR KITCHEN BACKYARDS | An Architect Explains

  • July 27, 2020 at 3:21 am

    hi sir
    I have got a East facing 3 BHK flat two balconies in West direction can we keep the Mandir in balcony, which has been packed and transformed into a room.So, can I keep the mandir in South East wall of that balcony, such that the pictures face in west and the person worshipping in East

  • April 2, 2018 at 12:55 pm

    I am planning to make our backyard and want to keep water fountain. I would like to know which direction will be best to keep the water fountain.

    Ours is east facing house meaning, If i stand in Main entrance main front door facing outside then it is approximately 112 degrees East direction and when I stand in the door going to backyard and look at the backyard it is approximately 275- 280 degrees west. Basically, it is a backyard in the west direction. It is not a very big backyard. It is rectangular shaped around 15 x 45 with 5 ft side yard on each side of house.

    I want to keep fountain in the center of the backyard which comes to be west. Is that ok? Please let me know.


  • February 15, 2017 at 6:24 am

    Sir we are constructing house my question is that whether it can be kept utility space SE corner (right side of the kitchen) extension. pls sugest at the earliest.
    Hi Dasharatha,
    Yes you can have the utility in the SE corner.


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